Bibliography (Compiled by Alette Smeulers)

In this bibliography (which is still under construction and therefore far from complete) important and relevant books are categorized under the following main research topics: Bystanders, Case studies, Causes, Criminology of international crimes, Facts and figures, Handbooks, International criminal justice, International criminal justice case studies, Perpetrators and Victims. Each of the abovementioned categories contains a number of subcategories which are enlisted in the index below. If you have any suggestions or additions to make please contact us.

 

You can search through the bibliography by clicking the links below and by using the back and forward button in your internet browser.

 

 

Index of Bibliography

 

        Bystanders

Case studies

Documents

General

Humanitarian intervention and use of force

Peacemaking and peace-keeping operations

Social-psychological mechanisms and explanations

 

Case studies (facts, figures and causes)

Afghanistan

Algeria

Argentina

Armenia

Bangladesh

Bosnia

Brazil

Burundi

Cambodia

Chile

Colombia

East Timor

England

El Salvador

Greece

Guatemala

Haiti

Indonesia

Iraq

Iran

Israel

Japan

Latin Amerika

Liberia

Libya

Nazi-Germany

Rwanda

Somalia

South-Africa

Soviet Union

Spain

Sudan

Uganda

United States- general

United States Vietnam including My Lai

United States – War on terror

Uruguay

Yugoslavia

Zimbabwe

 

Causes

Armed conflict

Bureaucracy and organization

Child Soldiers

Collective violence

Colonialism and Imperialism

Death penalty

Disappearance

Ethnic conflict

General

Gendercide

Genocide

Ideology

Internal conflict

Massacres

Mass movements

Military – organization, initiation, training

Police

Political power and violence

Prisons

Rape and other sexual offences

Rebel groups

Religion

Revolution

State Crime

State terrorism

Terrorism

Torture

War

War crimes

Women and war

 

Criminology of international crimes (International Criminology / supranational criminology)

 

Facts and figures

Gross human rights violations

Victims

 

             Fiction

 

Handbooks

Criminology

Human Rights

Humanitarian Law

International Crimes

International Criminal Law

Political science and international relations

Psychology

Research Methodology

Sociology and Social Psychology

Treaties and other law documents

 

International criminal justice

Aftermath

Amnesty

Crime of aggression

General

Genocide

Immunity

International criminal court

International criminal law: selected case law

International criminal law: selected documents

International criminal law: procedural law

International criminal law: substantive law

International criminal tribunals (ICTY/ICTR)

International organization responsibility

Internationalized and mixed tribunals

Rape

Reparation

Responsibility under International Law

Sentencing

Terrorism

Torture

Transforming societies and democratization

Truth and/or reconciliation commissions

Universality principle

                                                         

International criminal justice – case studies

Argentina

Brazil

Cambodia

Chile

Congo

East Timor

El Salvador

Germany

Greece

Guatamala

Israel

Japan

Kosovo

Nazi-Germany

Rwanda

Sierra Leone

South Africa

United States

Uruguay

Yugoslavia

 

Perpetrators

Aftermath and PTSD

Biographies and case studies

Children of perpetrators

Doctors as perpetrators

Education and training

Female perpetrators

General

Obedience to authority

Objectors

Social-psychological mechanisms and explanations- general

Social-psychological mechanisms and explanations- specific

Terrorists and terrorism

 

Victims

General

Survivor guilt

Rehabilitation

Testimonies

 

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BYSTANDERS

 

Case studies

·         Balakian, P. (2003). The burning Tigris: the Armenian genocide and America’ response, New York: HarperCollins.

·         Barnett, M. (2002). Eyewitness to a genocide – the United Nations and Rwanda, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

·         Beyani, C. (2007). Recent Devolpments in African Human Rights System 2004-2006, Human Rights Law Review, 7(3): 582-608.

·         Bowden, M. (1999). Black Hawk Down, New York: Atlantic Monthly Press.

·         Breitman, R. (2000). Official Secrets – What the Nazi’s planned, what the Britsh and Americans knew, New York: Hill and Wang.

·         Cushman, T. and S.G. Mestrovic (1996). This time we knew – western responses to genocide in Bosnia, New York: University Press.

·         Grünfeld, F. and A. Huijboom (2007). The failure to prevent genocide in Rwanda – The role of the bystanders, Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

·         Hilberg, R. (1992). Perpetrators, victims, bystanders - the Jewsih catastrophe 1933-1945, New York: Aaron Asher Books.

·         Kroslak, D. (2007). The role of France in the Rwandan genocide. London: Hurst & Co Publishers Ltd.

·         Kuperman, A.J. (2001). The limits of Humanitarian Intervention - Genocide in Rwanda, Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.

·         Power, S. (2001). Bystanders to Genocide - Why the United States let the Rwandan tragedy happen, The Atlantic Monthly, September.

·         Power, S. (2002).  A problem from hell: America and the age of genocide, New York: Perennial.

 

Documents

·         Report of the Secretary-General, An Agenda for Peace - Preventive diplomacy, peacemaking and peacekeeping, A/47/277-S/24111 (17 June 1992).

·         Report of the Secretary-General, Supplement to an Agenda for Peace, Position Paper of the Secretary-General on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the United Nations, A/50/60-S/1995/1 (3 January 1995).

·         Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the report of the Panel on United Nations peace operations, A/55/501 (20 October 2000)

·         Report of the Secretary-General of the recommendation of the special committee on peace-keeping operations and the panel on United Nations Peace Operations, A/56/732 (21 December 2001)

·         Report of the Secretary-General pursuant to General Assembly resolution 53/35 - The fall of Srebrenica, A/54/549 (15 November 1999)

·         Report of the Special Committee on peacekeeping operations, A/55/1024 (31 July 2001)

·         United Nations, Report of the independent inquiry into the actions of the United Nations during the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda, 15 December 1999.

 

General

·         Balch-Lindsay, D., A. J. Enterline & K. A. Joyce (2008). Third-Party Intervention and the Civil War Process Journal of Peace Research 45(3): 345-363.

·         Barnett, M., Eyewitness to a genocide – the United Nations and Rwanda, Ithaca: Cornell University Press 2002.

·         Bellamy, A.J. & P.D. Williams (2009). The West and Contemporary Peace Operations Journal of Peace Research  46: 39-57.

·         Carlsson, I. (2005). The UN inadequacies, Journal of International Criminal Justice, 837-846.

·         Dallaire, R. (2003). Shake hands with the devil – the failure of humanity in Rwanda, London: Arrow Books.

·         Davenport, C. (2007). State repression and domestic democratic peace, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Dorussen, H. & H. Ward (2008).  Intergovernmental Organizations and the Kantian Peace: A Network Perspective, Journal of Conflict Resolution 52 (2): 189-212.

·         Focarelli, C. (2008). The Responsibility to Protect Doctrine and Humanitarian Intervention: Too Many Ambiguities for a Working Doctrine Journal of Conflict and Security Law 12(4). 

·         Genugten, W.J.M van, and G.A. de Groot, United Nations sanctions - effectiveness and effects, especially in the field of human rights - a multi-disciplinary approach, Antwerpen: Intersentia 1999.

·         Grünfeld, F., The role of bystanders in human rights violations, in: F. Coomans, F. Grünfeld, I. Westendorp, J. Willems (eds.), Rendering justice to the vulnerable - liber amicorum in honour of Theo van Boven, The Hague: Kluwer Law International 2000, p. 131-143.

·         Hansen, H.E., S. McLaughlin Mitchell & S. C. Nemeth (2008).  IO Mediation of Interstate Conflicts: Moving Beyond the Global versus Regional Dichotomy, Journal of Conflict Resolution 52 (2): 295-325.

·         Hawkins, V. (2008). Stealth conflicts – how the world’s worst violence is ignored, Aldershot: Ashgate.

·         Höglund, K. (2008). Peace Negotiations in the Shadow of Violence. International Negotiation Series, 6. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers/Brill.

·         Hughes, E., W.A. Schabas & R. Thakur (eds) (2007). Atrocities and International Accountability: Beyond Transitional Justice Tokyo: United Nations University Press.

·         Grünfeld, F. (1998). Human rights violations: a threat to international peace and security, in: M. Castermans, F. van Hoof, J. Smith (eds.), The role of the nation-state in the 21 century, The Hague: Kluwer International.

·         Grünfeld, F. and A. Huijboom (2007). The failure to prevent genocide in Rwanda – The role of bystanders, Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

·         Heidenrich, J.G. (2001). How to prevent genocide – a guide to policymakers, scholars, and concerned citizens, Westport: Praeger.

·         Krahmann, E. (2008). Security: Collective Good or Commodity? European Journal of International Relations 14(3), 379-404.

·         Lambourne, W. (2009).  Transitional Justice and Peacebuilding after Mass Violence International Journal of Transitional Justice 3(1): 28-48.

·         Lebovic, J.H. & E. Voeten (2009). The Cost of Shame: International Organizations and Foreign Aid in the Punishing of Human Rights Violators Journal of Peace Research 46: 79-97.

·         Melvern, L. (2005). The Security Council in the face of genocide, Journal of International Criminal Justice, 847-860.

·         Nasu, H. (2009). Operationalizing the ‘Responsibility to Protect’ and Conflict Prevention: Dilemmas of Civilian Protection in Armed Conflict Journal of Conflict & Security Law 14(1): 1-33.

·         Polman, L. (2003). We did nothing: Why the truth doesn’t always come out when the UN goes in, London: Penguin Books.

·         Regan, P.M., R.W. Frank & A. Aydin (2009). Diplomatic Interventions and Civil War: A New Dataset Journal of Peace Research 46: 135-146.

·         Riemer, N., (Ed.), Protection against genocide – mission impossible? Westport: Praeger 2000.

·         Sayapin, S. (2009). The International Committee of the Red Cross and International Human Rights Law Human Rights Law Review 9(1): 95-126.

·         Schmidt, J.R. (2008). Can Outsiders Bring Democracy to Post-Conflict States? Orbis ,52(1): 107-122.

·         Svensson, I. (2009). Who Brings Which Peace?: Neutral versus Biased Mediation and Institutional Peace Arrangements in Civil Wars Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(3): 446-469.

·         Verlage, C. (2009) Responsibility to Protect Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.

·         Zwanenburg, M. (2005). Accountability of peace support operations. Leiden and Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

 

Humanitarian intervention

·         Bellamy, A.J. (2008). Responsibility to Protect. Cambridge: Polity Press.

·         Chesterman, S. (2001). Just War or Just Peace? Humanitarian Intervention and International Law, New York: Oxford University Press.

·         Cooper, R.H. (ed.) & Kohler, J.V. (ed.) (2009). Responsibility to Protect: The Global Moral Compact for the 21st Century. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

·         Cushman, T. (2005). A Matter of Principle – Humanitarian Arguments for the War in Iraq, Berkeley: University of California Press.

·         Focarelli, C. (2008). The Responsibility to Protect Doctrine and Humanitarian Intervention: Too Many Ambiguities for a Working Doctrine Journal of Conflict and Security Law 13, 191-213.

·         Garofano, J. (2008). Effective Advice in Decisions for War: Beyond Objective Control, Orbis, 52(2).

·         Giles, J. (2008). And here is tonight's conflict forecast…, The New Scientist, 197(2647): 26-27.

·         Holzgrefe, J. L. and R. O. Keohane (Eds.) (2003). Humanitarian Intervention – Ethical, Legal and Political Dilemmas, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Kennedy, D. (2004). The Dark Side of Virtue – Reassessing international humanitarianism, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

·         Knudsen, T. B. (2004). Humanitarian Internvention: Contemporary Manifestations of an Explosive Doctrine, New York: Routledge

·         Ku, C. (Ed.) (2003). Democratic Accountability and the Use of Force in International Law, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         McClean, E. (2008). The Responsibility to Protect: The Role of International Human Rights Law, Journal of Conflict and Security Law 13, 123-152.

·         Meyer, R.V. and M.D. Maxwell (2009). The Natural Right to Intervene: The Evolution of the Concepts of Justification and Excuse for Both State and Individual Journal of International Criminal Justice 7(3): 555-573.

·         More, E. (2007). International Humanitarian Law and Interventions—Rwanda, 1994, Genocide studies and prevention, 2(2): 155-172.

·         Orford, A. (2008). Reading Humanitarian Intervention Human Rights and the Use of Force in International Law Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Prins, G. (2002). The Heart of War – On Power, Conflict and Obligations in the Twenty-First Century, New York: Routledge.

·         Robinson, M. (2005). A voice in human rights. Pensylvenia: Penn Press.

·         Schnabel, A. and R. Thakur (Eds.) (2000). Kosovo and the Challenge of Humanitarian Intervention: Selective Indignation, Collective Action, and International Citizenship, New York: UN University Press.

·         Smith, M.G. (2008). Military intervention and humanitarian assistance Global Change, Peace & Security 20(3), 243-254.

·         Waters, T. (2001). Bureaucratizing the good Samaritan: The limitations on Humanitarian Relief Operation, Westview: The Perseus Book Group.

·         Weiss, T. G. (2005). Military – Civilian Interactions: Humanitarian Crises and the Responsibility to Protect, Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

·         Welsh, J. M. (Ed.) (2004). Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations, New York: Oxford University Press.

·         Wheeler, N. J. (2001). Saving Strangers – Humanitarian Intervention in Internationa Society, New York: Oxford University Press.

 

Peace- keeping and peace- making operations

·         Azimi, N. & C. Li Lin (ed.) (2008) United Nations as Peacekeeper and Nation-Builder, Continuity and Change - What Lies Ahead? Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

·         Breau, S. (2006). The impact of the responsibility to protect on peacekeeping. 11 Journal of conflict & security law 3. p. 429-464.

·         Favretto, K. (2009). Should Peacemakers Take Sides? Major Power Mediation, Coercion, and Bias, American political science review 103(2), 248-263.

·         Fortna, V.P. (2008). Does Peacekeeping Work? Shaping Belligerents' Choices after Civil War New Jersey: Princeton Press.

·         Jarstad, A.K. & Sisk, T.D. (ed.) (2008). From War to Democracy, Dilemmas of Peacebuilding Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Kondoch, B. (2007). International Peacekeeping, Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

·         Laplante, L.J. (2008). Transitional Justice and Peace Building: Diagnosing and Addressing the Socioeconomic Roots of Violence through a Human Rights Framework, International Journal of Transitional Justice 2(3), 1-25.

·         Mugwanya, G.W.  (2003). Human Rights in Africa: Enhancing Human Rights through the African Regional Human Rights System. Ardsley: Transnational Publishers.

·         Nilsson, D. (2008). Partial Peace: Rebel Groups Inside and Outside of Civil War Settlements, Journal of Peace Research 45(4), 479-495.

·         Obiekwe, K. (2009). In Search of Appropriate Peacemaking/Peacebuilding Paradigm in Dealing with Africa's Intrastate Violent Conflicts: Considering Lederach's Faith-based Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding Peace Conflict and Development, issue 13.

·         Williams, P.D. (2008). Keeping the Peace in Africa: Why "African" Solutions Are Not Enough, Ethics & International Affairs Journal 22(3), 309-329.

Social-psychological mechanisms and explanations

·         Cohen, S. (1993). Human rights and crimes of the state: the culture of denial, 26 Aust & NZ Journal of criminology, p. 97-115.

·         Cohen, S. (2001). States of denial – knowing about atrocities and suffering,  Cambridge: Polity.

·         Latané, B. and J. Mc Connon Darley (1970). The unresponsive bystander. New ork: Appleton-Century Crofts.

·         Lerner, M.J. (1980). The belief in a just world: a fundamental delusion, New York: Plenum Press.

·         Montada, L. and M.J. Lerner (Eds.) (1998). Responses to victimizations and belief in a just world, New York: Plenum Press.

·         Oliner, S.P. and P.M. Oliner. (1992). The Altruistic personality: rescuers of Jews in Nazi Europe, New York: The Free Press.

·         Staub, E. (2003). The psychology of good and evil – why children, adults and groups help and harm others, Cambridge: University Press.

·         Staub, E. (1989). The Roots of Evil - the origins of genocide and other group violence, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

 

CASE STUDIES

 

       Afghanistan

·         Webber, M. (2009). NATO: The United States, Transformation and the War in Afghanistan. British Journal of Politics & International Relations. 11(1), 46-63.

 

Algeria

·         Fanon, F. (1963). The wretched of the earth, New York: Grove Press.

·         Vidal-Naqué, F. (1963). Torture: Cancer of Democracy, Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.

 

Argentina

·         Feitlowitz, M. (1998). A lexicon of terror – Argentina and the legacies of torture, New York: Oxford University Press.

·         Fisher, J. (1989). Mothers of the Disappeared, Boston: South End Press.

·         Graziano, F. (1992). Divine violence: spectacle, psychosexuality & radical Christianity in the “Dirty War”, Boulder Colo: Westview Press.

·         Guest, I. (1990). Behind the disappearances: Argentina’s dirty war against human rights and the United Nations. Philadelphia: University Press.

·         Heinz, W.S. (1993). The military, torture and human rights: experiences from Argentina, Brazil, Chili and Uruguay, in: R.D. Crelinsten and A.P. Schmid (Eds.), The politics of pain – Torturers and their masters, Leiden: COMT, p.73-108.

·         Heinz, W.S. (1995). Motives for ‘Disappearances’ in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay in the 1970s, 13 Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 1, p.51-64.

·         Nunca Más: The Report of the Argentine National Commission on the Disappeared (1986) , New York: Farrar Straus Giroux.

·         Osiel, M. (2001). Mass Atrocity, Ordinary Evil, and Hannah Arendt: Criminal Consciousness in Argentina’s Dirty War, New Haven: Yale University Press.

·         Payne, L.A., Perpetrators’ Confessions – truth, reconciliation, and justice in Argentina, in: S.E. Eckstein and T. P. Wickham-Crowley (Eds.). (2003). What Justice? Whose Justice? Fighting for fairness in Latin America, Berkeley: University of California Press, p. 158-183.

·         Policzer, P. (2004). How organizations shape human rights violations, in: S. Carey and S. Poe (eds.), Understanding human rights violations: new systematic studies, Ashgate Publishing ltd., p. 221-238.

·         Rivabella, O. (1986). Requiem for a woman’s soul, New York: Random House.

·         Rosenberg,T. (1991). Children of Cain: violence and the violent in Latin America, New York: William Morrow and comp. inc.

·         Simpson, J. (1985). The disappeared and the mothers of the Plaza, New York: St. Martin’s Press.

·         Timerman, J. (1982). Prisoner without a name, cell without a number, London: Penguin.

·         Verbitsky, H. (1996). The Flight – confessions of an Argentine dirty warrior, New York: the New Press.

·         Waisbord, S. (1991). Politics and identity in the Argentine army: cleavages and the generational factor, 26 Latin American Research Review, p. 165 -

 

Armenia

·         Akçam, T. (2006). The Ottoman documents and the genocidal policies of the committee for union and progess (Ittihat ve Terakki) toward the Armenians in 1915, 1 Genocide Studies and Prevention 2, p. 127-148.

·         Balakian, P. ( 2003). The Burning Tigris: The Armenian Genocide and America’s Response, New York: Harper Collins.

·         Bjornlund, M. (2006). Wen the cannons talk, the diplomats must be silent: a danish diplomat in Constantinople during the Armenian Genocide, 1 Genocide Studies and Prevention 2, p. 197-224.

·         Dadrian, V.K. (2006). The agency of triggering mechanisms as a factor in the organization of the genocide against the Armenians of Kayseri District, 1 Genocide Studies and Prevention 2, p. 107- 126.

·         Melson, R.F. (1992). Revolution and Genocide: on the Origins of the Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

·         Miller, D.E. and L.T. Touryan Miller. (1993). Survivors: An Oral History of the Armenian Genocide, Berkeley: University of California Press.

·         Payaslian, S. (2006). The destruction of the Armenian Church during the genocide, 1 Genocide Studies and Prevention 2, p. 149-172.

·         Shirinian, L. (1999). Survivor Memoirs of the Armenian Genocide, Reading: Taderon.

·         Üngör, U.U. (2006). When persecution bleeds into mass murder: the processive nature of genocide, 1 Genocide Studies and Prevention 2, p. 173-196.

 

Bangladesh

·         Chaudhuri, K. (1972). Genocide in Bangladesh, Bombay: Orient Longman.

 

Bosnia

·         Haider, H. (2009). (Re)Imagining Coexistence: Striving for Sustainable Return, Reintegration and Reconciliation in Bosnia and Herzegovina International Journal of Transitional Justice 3(1): 91-113.

·         Mousavizadeh, N. (1996). The Black Book of Bosnia: The Consequences of Appeasement, New York: Basic Books.

·         Sells, M.A. (1996). The Bridge Betrayed: Religion and Genocide in Bosnia, Berkeley: University of California Press.

·         Weitsman, P.A. (2008). The Politics of Identity and Sexual Violence: A Review of Bosnia and Rwanda, Human Rights Quarterly 30(3), 561-578.

 

Brazil

·         Alves, M.H. (1985). State and opposition in military Brazil, Austin: University of Texas Press.

·         Bodard, L. (1971). Green Hell: Massacre of the Brazilian Indians, New York: Outerbridge & Dienstfrey.

·         Heinz, W.S. (1993).The military, torture and human rights: experiences from Argentina, Brazil, Chili and Uruguay, in: R.D. Crelinsten and A.P. Schmid (Eds.), The politics of pain – Torturers and their masters, Leiden: COMT, p.73-108.

·         Huggings, M.K. (1998). Political policing – the United States and Latin America, Durham and London: Duke University Press.

·         Huggins, M.K. (2001). Legacies of authoritarianism: Brazilian torturers and murderers’ reformulation of memory, 27 Latin American Perspectives, p. 57-78.

·         Huggins, M.K., M. Haritos-Fatouras, Ph. Zimbardo. (2002). Violence workers – Police torturers and murderers reconstruct Brazilian atrocities, Berkeley: University of California Press.

·         Weschler, L. (1990). A Miracle, A Universe – settling accounts with torturers, New York: Penguin Books.

·         Torture in Brazil – a shocking report on the pervasive use of torture by military governments 1964-1979 – secretly prepared by the Archdiocese of Sao Paulo, Austin: University of Texas Press 1998. (org: Brasil: Nunca Mais).

 

Burundi

·         Bundervoet, T. (2009). Livestock, Land and Political Power: The 1993 Killings in Burundi Journal of Peace Research 46: 357-376.

·         Daley, P.O. (2008). Gender & Genocide in Burundi: The Search for Spaces of Peace in the Great Lakes Region (African Issues). Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

 

Cambodia

·         Becker, E. (1986). When the war was over: the voices of Cambodia’s revolution and its people, New York: Simon and Schuster.

·         Bizot, F. (2011). Facing the torturer – inside the mind of a war criminal, London: Rider.

·         Chandler, D. (1999). Voices from S-21, Berkely: University of California Press.

·         Cook, S.E. (Ed.) (2006). Genocide in Cambodia and Rwanda: new perspectives, New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.

·         Fein, H. (1993). Revolutionary and antirevolutionary genocide: a comparison of state murders in Democratic Kampuchea, 1975-1979, and Indonesia, 1965-1966, 35 Comparative Studies in Society and History, p. 796-823.

·         Hannum, H. and D. Hawk (1986). The case against the standing committee of the communist party of Kampuchea, New York: Cambodian documentation commission.

·         Hinton, A.L. (2005). Why Did They Kill?: Cambodia in the Shadow of Genocide, Berkeley: University of California Press.

·         Kiernan, B. (1996). The Pol Pot Regime:Race, Power, and Genocide in Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge, 1975-79, New Haven: Yale University Press.

·         Kiernan, B. (2003). Historical ad Political Background to the Conflict in Cambodia, in: K. Ambos & M. Othman (eds.), New Approaches in International Criminal Justice: Kosovo, East Timor, Sierra Leone and Cambodia, Freiburg i. Br..

·         Quigley, J.K.R. and H.J. De Nike. (2000). Genocide in Cambodia: Documents from the trial of Pol Pot and Leng Sary, Philadelphia: University of Pensylvania Press.

·         Panh, T. (2012). The elimination – a survivor of the Khmer Rouge confronts his past and the commandant of the Killing fields, the Clerkenwell Press.

·         Short, P. (2004). Pol Pot: The Anatomy of a Nightmare, New York: Henry Holt.

·         Szymusiak, M. (1999). The Stones Cry Out: A Cambodian Childhood 1975-1980, Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

 

Chile

·         Arriagada, G. (1988). Pinochet – the politics of power, Boston: Unwin Human.

·         Heinz, W.S. (1993). The military, torture and human rights: experiences from Argentina, Brazil, Chili and Uruguay, in: R.D. Crelinsten and A.P. Schmid (Eds.), The politics of pain – Torturers and their masters, Leiden: COMT, p.73-108.

·         Heinz, W.S. (1995). Motives for ‘Disappearances’ in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay in the 1970s, 13 Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 1, p.51-64.

 

 

Colombia

·         Gomez-Suarez, A. (2007). Perpetrator blocs, genocidal mentalities and geographies: the destruction of the Union Patriotica in Colombia and its lessons for genocide studies, Journal of Genocide Research, 9(4): 637-660.

·         Hristov, J. (2009). Blood and Capital: The Paramilitarization of Colombia (Ohio RIS Latin America Series) Ohio: Ohio University Press.

 

       Congo (DRC)

·         Autesserre, S. (2010). The trouble with the Congo – local violence and the failure of international peacebuilding, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

·         Coghlan, B. a.o. (2006). Mortality in the Democratic republic of Congo: a nationwide survey, The Lancet, p.44-51.

·         Conrad, J. (2000). Heart of Darkness, London: Penguin Books (orig. publ. 1899)

·         Erikksin Baaz (2009). Why do soldiers rape? Masculinity, violence, and sexuality in the armed forces in the Congo (DRC), International Studies Quarterly 53, 495-518.

·         Eriksson Baaz, M. & M. Stern (2008). Making sense of violence: voices of soldiers in the Congo, Journal of Modern African Studies 46(1), 57-68.

·         Eriksson Baaz & M. Stern (2011). Whores, men and other misfits: undoing ‘feminization’ in the armed forces of the DRC, African Affairs, 563-585.

·         Eriksson Baaz, M. & M. Stern (2012). Fearless fighters and submissive wives: negotiating identity among women soldiers in the Congo (DRC), Armned Forces & Society 39(4), 711-739.

·         Eriksson Baaz, M. & J. Verweijen (2013). The volatility of a half-cooked bouillabaisse: rebel-military integration and conflict dynamics in the eastern Congo, African Affairs, 563-582.

·         Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (2009). Charcaterizing sexual violence in the Democratoc republic of the Congo, Open Soecity Institute.

·         Hochschild, A. (1998). King Leopold’s ghost – a story of greed, terror, and heroism in Colonial Africa, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

·         Johson, K., J. Scott, B. Rughita, J. Asher, R. Ong, L. Lawry (2010). Association of sexual violence and human rights violations with physical and mental health in territories of the Eatsren Democratic Republic of the Congo, JAMA 304 (5), 553-562.

·         Kisangani, E.F. (2012). Civil wars in the Democratic Republic of Congo: 1960-2010, Boulder and Co.

·         Moffett, L. (2009). Ending the Cycle of Violence in the Congo: Is Peace Possible in the Heart of Darkness? Peace Conflict and Development, issue 13.

·         Prunier, G. (2009). Africa’s world war – Congo, the Rwandan genocide and the making of a continental catastrophe, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Prunier, G. (2009). From Genocide to Continental War: The Congolese Conflict and the Crisis of Contemporary Africa. London: C Hurst & Co Publishers Ltd.

·         Reyntjens, F. (2009). The great African war – Congo and regional geopolitics 1996-2006, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Stearns, J.K. (2011). Dancing in the glory of monsters – the collapse of the Congo and the great war of Africa, New York: Public Affairs.

 

 

East Timor

·         Flor, A. & M. Schlichter (2003). Historical and Political Background to the Conflict in East Timor, in K. Ambos & M. Othman (eds.), New Approaches in International Criminal Justice: Kosovo, East Timor, Sierra Leone and Cambodia, Freiburg i. Br.

·         Jardine, M. (1999). East Timor: Genocide in Paradise, Monroe ME: Odonian Press.

·         Robinson, G. (2009). If you leave us here we will die – how genocide was stopped in East Timor, Princeton University Press.

 

El Salvador

·         Seils, P., The limits of truth commissions in the search for justice: an analysis of the truth commissions of El Salvador and Guatemala and their effect in achieving post-conflict justice, in: M.Ch. Bassiouni, Post-conflict justice, Ardsley: transnational publishers inc.  2002, p. 375-395.

 

England

·         Rolston, B. and P. Scraton (2005). In the full glare of English Politics, 45 British Journal of Criminology, p. 547-564.

 

Greece

·         Amnesty International. (1977). Torture in Greece -The first torturer's trial, London: Amnesty International Publications.

·         Gibson, J.T. and M. Haritos-Fatouras. (1986). The education of a torturer, Psychology Today November, p. 50-58.

·         Haritos-Fatouras, M. (2003). The psychological origins of institutionalized torture, London: Routledge.

 

Guatemala

·         Schirmer, J., The Guatemalan Military Project, Philadelphia: Universtiy of Pennsylvania Press 1998.

·         Seils, P., The limits of truth commissions in the search for justice: an analysis of the truth commissions of El Salvador and Guatemala and their effect in achieving post-conflict justice, in: M.Ch. Bassiouni, Post-conflict justice, Ardsley: transnational publishers inc.  2002, p. 375-395.

·         Stølen, K.A. (2007). Guatemalans in the Aftermath of Violence: The Refugees´ return, Pennsylvenia: Penn Press.

 

Haiti

·         Rey, T. (1999). Junta, Rape, and Religion in Haiti: 1993-1994, 15 Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, p. 73-100. 

·         Shah, K. (2009). The Failure of State Building and the Promise of State Failure: reinterpreting the security-development nexus in Haiti Third World Quarterly 30(1): 17-34.

 

Indonesia

·         Fein, H. (1993). Revolutionary and antirevolutionary genocide: a comparison of state murders in Democratic Kampuchea, 1975-1979, and Indonesia, 1965-1966, 35 Comparative Studies in Society and History, p. 796-823.

 

Iraq

·         Al-Khalil (1989). Republic of fear, London: Hutchinson radius.

·         Balaghi, S. (2006). Saddam Hussein – a biography, Westport: Greenwood Press.

·         Boyle, M.J. (2009). Bargaining, Fear, and Denial: Explaining Violence against Civilians in Iraq 2004–2007 Terrorism and Political Violence 21(2): 261-287.

·         Key, J. (2007). The deserter’s tale: the story of an ordinary soldier who walked away from the war in Iraq. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press.

·         Kramer, R.C. & R. J. Michalowski (2005). War, Aggression and State Crime: A Criminological Analysis of the Invasion and Occupation of Iraq, British Journal of Criminology, 45 (4): 446-469.

·         Mestrovic, S.G. (2005). The Trial of Abu Ghraib: An Expert Witness Account of Shame and Honor, Boulder: Paradigm.

·         Miller, J. and L. Mylroie (1990). Saddam Hussein and the crisis in the Gulf war, New York: Times Books.

·         Ricks, T. (2006). Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq, London: Penquin Books.

·         Whyte, D. (2006). The crimes of the neo - liberal rule in occupied Iraq. 47 British Journal of Criminology. p. 177- 195.

 

       Iran

·         Byman, D. (2008). Iran, Terrorism, and Weapons of Mass Destruction Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 31(3): 169 – 181.

·         Rejali, D.M. (1994). Torture and Modernity: Self, Society, and State in Modern Iran, Oxford: Westview Press, Inc.

 

 

Israel

·         Cohen, S. and D. Golan (1991). The interrogation of Palestinians during the Intifada: ill-treatment, ‘moderate physical pressure’  or torture? Jerusalem: Israeli information center for human rights in the occupied territories.

·         Ochiogrosso, P.F. (1989). The Shin Beth Affair: national security versus the rule of law in the state of Israël, Loy. L.A. Int'l&comp. L.J., p. 67-77 and 106-112.

 

Indonesia

·         Elson, R.E. (2001). Suharto – a political biography, Cambridge University Press.

·         Fein, H., Revolutionary and antirevolutionary genocide: a comparison of state murders in Democratic Kampuchea, 1975-1979, and Indonesia, 1965-1966, 35 Comparative Studies in Society and History 1993, p. 796-823.

 

Japan

·         Askin, K.D. (2001). Comfort women – shifting shame and stigma from victims to victimizers, 1 International Criminal Law Review 1-2, p. 5-32.

·         Chang, I. (1997). The Rape of Nanking, London: Penguin Books.

·         Chung, C. S. (1997). The Origin and Development of the Military Sexual Slavery Problem in Imperial Japan, 5:2-3 Positions: east asia culture critiques, p. 219-253.

·         Gold, H. (1996). Unit 731 Testimony, Tokyo: Yen Books.

·         Hicks, G.L. (1995). The comfort women: Japan’s brutal regime of enforced prostitution in the Second World War, New York: Norton.

·         Frei, H. (2004). Guns of February – Ordinary Japanese Soldiers’Views of the Malayan Campaign & the Fall of Singapore 1941-42, Singapore: Singapore University Press.

·         Lunden, W.A. (1976). Violent Crimes in Japan in War and Peace: 1933-1974, 4 International Journal of Criminology and Penology, p. 349-363.

·         Rosenman, S. (2000). The Spawning Grounds of the Japanese Rapists on Nanking, 28 Journal of Psychohistory, p. 2-23.

·         Ruff-O’Herne, J. (1994). 50 years of silence, Sydney: Editions Tom Thompson.

·         Tanaka, T. (1997). Hidden Horrors: Japanese War Crimes in World War II, United States: Westview Press Inc.

·         Tanaka, Y. (2002).  Japan’s Comfort Women: Sexual slavery and prostitution during world war II and the US occupation, London: Routledge.

 

Latin America

·         Huggins, K.M. (1991). In Vigilantism and the State in Modern Latin America: Essays on Extralegal Violence, New York: Praeger.

 

Liberia

·         Sawyer, A. (2008). Emerging Patterns in Liberia's Post-Conflict Politics: Observations from the 2005 Elections African Affairs 107(427): 177-199.

 

Libya

·         Bahgat, G. (2008). Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction: The Case of Libya, International Relations 22(1), 105-126.

 

Nazi-Germany

·         Agde, G., Sachsenhausen bei Berlin – speziallager nr. 7 1945-1950, Berlin: Aufbau Taschenbuch Verlag Berlin 1994.

·         Allen, M.T. (2002). The Business of Genocide: The SS, Slave Labor, and the Concentration Camps, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

·         Arendt, H. (1964). Eichmann in Jerusalem – a report on the banality of evil, New York: Penguin Books.

·         Bar-on, D. (1989). Legacy of silence – encounters with children of the Third Reich, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

·         Bartov, O. (1991). Hitler’s Army-Soldiers, Nazis, and War in the Third Reich, New York: Oxford University Press.

·         Baum, R.C. (1981). The Holocaust and the German elite – genocide and national suicide in Germany, 1871-1945, Totowa: Rowman and Littlefield.

·         Baumann, Z. (1989). Modernity and the Holocaust, Cambridge: Polity Press.

·         Breitman, R. (1991). Himmler and the Final Solution – The Architect of Genocide, London: The Bodley Head.

·         Breitman, R. (1998). Official Secrets – What the Nazi’s Planned, what the Britsh and Americans knew, New York: Hill and Wang.

·         Browning, Ch. R. (1992). Ordinary men - Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the final solution in Poland, New York: Aaron Asher Books.

·         Browning, Ch.R. (2004). The origins of the final solution – the evolution of Nazi Jewish Policy, September 1939-March 1942, London: Heinemann.

·         Browning, C.R. (1992). The Path to Genocide, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Bullock, A. (1991). Hitler and Stalin – parallel lives, London: HarperCollins.

·         Cesarani, D. (2004). Eichmann – His life and Crimes, Chatham: Mackays of Chatham plc.

·         Dicks, H.V. (1972). Licensed mass murder – a sociopsychology study of some SS-killers, London: Chatto.

·         Dimsdale, J.E. (1980). Survivors, victims, and perpetrators – essays on the Nazi Holocaust, Washington: Hemisphere Publishing corporation.

·         Finkelstein, N.G. and R.B. Birn (1998). A nation on trial – the Goldhagen thesis and historical truth, New York: Owl Books.

·         Finkelstein, N.G. (2001). The Holocaust industry: reflections on the Jewish exploitation of Jewish suffering, New York: Verso.

·         Friedlander, A.H. (1976). Out of the whirlwind – a reader of Holocaust literature, New York: Schocken Books.

·         Friedlander, H. (1995). The Origins of Nazi Genocide: From Euthanasia to the Final Solution, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Publishers.

·         Friedrichs, D. O. (2000). The Crime of the Century? The Case fort he Holocaust, 34 Crime Law and Social Change, p.21-41.

·         Gellately, R. (1990). The Gestapo and German Society: Enforcing Racial Policy 1933-1945, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

·         Gellately, R. (2001). Backing Hitler. Cosent and coercion in Nazi Germany, Oxford: University Press.

·         Gilbert, G.M. (1948). Nuremberg Diary, London: Eyre & Spottiswoode.

·         Goldensohn, L. (2004). The Nuremberg interviews – an American psychiatrist’s conversations with the defendants and witnesses, New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

·         Goldhagen, D.J. (1996). Hitler’s willing executioners – ordinary Germans and the Holocaust, New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

·         Goldhagen, D.J. (2002). A Moral Reckoning: The Role of the Catholic Church in the Holocaust and its Unfulfilled Duty of Repair, New York: Knopf.

·         Gonen, J.Y. (2003). The Roots of Nazi’s Psychology: Hitler’s Utopian Barbarism, Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

·         Hayes, P & J.K. Roth (2010). The Oxford Handbook of Holocaust Studies, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

·         Hilberg, R. (1985). The destruction of the European Jews, New York: Holmes & Meier.

·         Hilberg, R. (1992). Perpetrators, victims, bystanders - the Jewsih catastrophe 1933-1945, New York: Aaron Asher Books.

·         Hoedeman, P. (1991). Hitler or Hippocrates – medical experiments and euthanasia in the Third Reich, Sussex: The Book Guild Ltd.

·         Johnson, E.A. (2000). Nazi Terror: the Gestapo, Jews, and ordinary Germans, New York: basic Books.

·         Kershaw, I. (1990). Hitler, London: Longman.

·         Kershaw, I. (2000). The Nazi Dictatorship: Problems and Perspectives of Interpretation, London: Arnold.

·         Klee, E., W. Dressen, and V. Riess (Eds.). (1991). The good old days – The Holocaust as seen by its perpetratoprs and bystanders, New York: Konecky and Konecky.

·         Koonz, C. (2003). The Nazi Conscience, Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

·         Kren, G.M. and L. Rappaport (1994). The Holocaust and the crises of human behavior, New York: Holmes and Meier.

·         Lemkin, R. (1944). Axis rule in Occupied Europe, Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for international peace.

·         Levi, P. (1971). If this is a man, London: Abacus.

·         Lewy, G. (2000). The Nazi Persecution of the Gypsies, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Lifton, R.J. (1988). Nazi doctors: medical killing and the psychology of genocide, New York: Basic Books.

·         Lord Russel of Liverpool (2002) – The trial of Adolf Eichmann, Liverpool: Pimlico.

·         Los, C.J. (1976). Dr. Eduard Wirths-SS arts in Auschwitz, Baarn: Uitgeverij in den Toren.

·         Malkin, P.Z. and  H. Stein. (1960). Eichmann in my hands – a first person account by the Israeli agent who captured Hitler’s chief executioner, New York: Warner Books.

·         Overy, R. (2001). Interrogations: the Nazi elite in allied hands 1945, London: Allen Lane.

·         Overy, R. (2004). The dictators – Hitler’s Germany, Stalin’s Russia, London: Penguin Books.

·         Padfield, P. (1990). Himmler – Reichs Führer-SS, London: Macmillan.

·         Posner, G. (1991). Hitler’s children – inside the families of the Third Reich, London: Mandarin.

·         Rigg, B. M. (2002). Hitler’s Jewish Soldiers – The untold story of nazi racial laws and men of jewish descent in the german military, Kansas: University Press of Kansas.

·         Roseman, M. (2002). The Wannsee Conference and the final solution: a reconsideration, New York: Metropolitan Books.

·         Rosenbaum, A.S. (Ed.) (1998). Is the Holocaust Unique? Perspectives on Comparative Genocide, Boulder: Westview Press.

·         Segev, T. (2000). Soldiers of evil – the commandants of the Nazi concentation camps, London: diamond books (orig. publ. 1987)

·         Sereny, G. (1995). Albert Speer: His battle with truth, London: Picador.

·         Sereny, G. (2000). The German trauma – experiences and reflections 1938-2001, London: Penguin Books.
Sereny, G. (1974). Into that darkness – from mercy killings to mass murder, New York: McGraw-Hill.

·         Smeulers, A. (1996). Auschwitz and the Holocaust through the eyes of the perpetrators, Driemaandelijks tijdschrift van de Stichting Auschwitz, p.23-55.

·         Stone, D. (2004). The Historiography of the Holocaust, Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave.

·         Sydnor, C.W. (1977). Soldiers of destruction: the SS death’s head division 1933-1945, Princeton: University Press.

·         Todorov, T (1999). Facing the extreme – moral life in the concentration camps,Phoenix: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.

·         Traverso, E. (2003). The Origins of Nazi Violence, New York: New Press.

·         Wiesel, E. (1964). The town beyond the wall, New York: Bergen-Belsen Memorial Press.

·         Wiesel, E. (1988). Night, Toronto: Bantam Books 1988.

·         Wiesenthal, S. (1967). Murderers among us, Paris: Opera Mundi.

 

Rwanda

·         African Rights (1995). Rwanda: Not so Innocent: When Women Become Killers, London: African Rights.

·         Adelman, H. and A. Sushrke. (1999). The Path to Genocide: The Rwanda Crisis from Uganda to Zaire, New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

·         Adler, R.N., C.E. Loyle, J. Globerman & E.B. Larson (2013). Transforming men into killers: attitiudes leading to hands-on violence during the 1994 Rwandan genocide, Global Public Health 3(3), 291-307.

·         Alvarez, J.E. (1999). Crimes of states/Crimes of hate: lessons from Rwanda, 24 Yale Journal of international law, p. 365-483.

·         Barnett, M. (2002). Eyewitness to a genocide – the United Nations and Rwanda, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

·         Bijleveld, C., A. Morssinkhof & A. Smeulers (2009). Counting the Countless: Rape Victimization During the Rwandan Genocide International Criminal Justice Review 19(2): 208-224.

·         Brouwer, De, A.M. (ed.), S. Ka Hon Chu & S. Muscati (2009). The Men Who Killed Me: Rwandan Survivors of Sexual Violence. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre.

·         Carlsson, I. (2005). The UN inadequacies, 3 Journal of International Criminal Justice, p. 837-846.

·         Cook, S.E. (Ed.) (2006). Genocide in Cambodia and Rwanda: new perspectives, New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.

·         Clark, J. (2009). Learning from the Past: Three Lessons from the Rwandan Genocide African Studies 68(1): 1-28.

·         Clark, P. & Kaufman, D. (eds.) (2008).  After Genocide: Transitional Justice, Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Reconciliation in Rwanda and Beyond, Columbia: Columbia University Press.

·         Dallaire, R. (2003). Shake hands with the devil – the failure of humanity in Rwanda, London: Arrow Books.

·         Dallaire, R., K. Manocha and N. Degnarain (2005). The major powers on trial, 3 Journal of International Criminal Justice, p. 861-878.

·         Des Forges, A. (1999). Leave None to Tell the Story: Genocide in Rwanda, New York: Human Rights Watch.

·         Dudai, R. (2006). Understanding perpetrators in genocides and mass atrocities, British Journal of Sociology 57(4)

·         Fletcher, L. (2007). Turning Interahamwe: individual and community choices in the Rwandan genocide, Journal of Genocide Research 9(1), 25-48.

·         Fujii, L. A. (2009). Killing Neighbors: Webs of Violence in Rwanda. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

·         Fujii, L.A. (2008). The power of local ties: popular participation in the Rwandan genocide, Security Studies 17, 568-597.

·         Gourevitch, P. (1998). We wish to inform you that tomorrow we will be killed with our families: stories from Rwanda, New York: Farrar Straus and Giroux.

·         Grünfeld, F. and A. Huijboom (2007). The failure to prevent genocide in Rwanda – the role of the bystanders, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

·         Hatzfeld, J. (2005). Machete season –the killers in Rwanda speak, New York: Ferrar, Strauss and Giroux (transl. from French).

·         Human Rights Watch/Africa. (1996). Shattered lives: sexual violence during the Rwandan genocide and its aftermath, New York: Human Rights Watch.

·         Janzen, J. M. and R. Kauenhoven (2000). Do I still have a Life? Voices From The Aftermath of War in Rwanda and Burundi, Lawrence: University of Kansas.

·         Kroslak, D. (2007). The role of France in the Rwandan genocide. London: Hurst & Co Publishers Ltd.

·         Kuperman, A.J. (2001). The limits of Humanitarian Intervention - Genocide in Rwanda, Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.

·         Magnarella, P.J. (2005). The background and causes of the genocide in Rwanda, 3 Journal of International Criminal Justice, p. 801-822.

·         Mamdani, M. (2001). When victims become killers, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

·         McDoom, O.S. (2013). Who killed in Rwanda’s genocide? Micro-space, social influence and individual participation in intergroup violence, Journal of Peace Research 50(4), 453-467.

·         Mcnamee, E. (2007). In the Midst of Death We Are in Life . . . Biopolitics and Beginning. Again in Rwanda. Social Legal Studies; 16, 483-508.

·         Melvern, L. (2004). Conspiracy to Murder: The Rwandan genocide, London: Verso.

·         Melvern, L. (2005). The Security Council in the face of genocide, 3 Journal of International Criminal Justice, p. 847-860.

·         More, E. (2007). International Humanitarian Law and Interventions—Rwanda, 1994, Genocide studies and prevention, 2(2): 155-172.

·         Mukimbiri, J. (2005) The seven stages of the Rwandan Genocide, 3 Journal of International Criminal Justice, p. 823-836.

·         Mullins, C. (2009). We are going to rape you and taste Tutsi women, British Journal of Criminology 49, 719-735.

·         Neier, A. (1998). War Crimes: Brutality, Genocide, Terror, and the Struggle for Justice, New York: Times Books/Random House.

·         Neuffer, E. (2001). The key to my neighbour's house - seeking justice in Bosnia and Rwanda, Bloomsbury: Picador USA.

·         Piiparinen, T. (2007). Reconsidering the silence over the ultimate crime: a functional shift in crisis management from the Rwandan genocide to Darfur. Journal of Genocide Research, 9 (1): 71-91.

·         Power, S. (2001). Bystanders to Genocide - Why the United States let the Rwandan tragedy happen, The Atlantic Monthly, September.

·         Prunier, G. (1997). The Rwanda Crisis: History of a Genocide, London: Hurst.

·         Prunier, G. (2009). From Genocide to Continental War: The Congolese Conflict and the Crisis of Contemporary Africa. London: C Hurst & Co Publishers Ltd.

·         Prunier, G. (2009). Africa’s world war – Congo, the Rwandan genocide and the making of a continental catastrophe, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Reyntjens, F. (1996). Rwanda: genocide and beyond, Journal of Refugee Studies, p. 240-251.

·         Rittner, J., K. Roth, and W. Whitworth (Eds.) (2004). Genocide in Rwanda: Complicity of the Churches?, New York : Paragon.  

·         Rusesabagina, P. and T. Zoellner (2006). An Ordinary Man: An Autobiography, Harmondsworth: Penguin Books Ltd.

·         Salem, R.A. (1999). Witness to Genocide, the Children of Rwanda: Drawings by Child Survivors of the Rwandan Genocide in 1994, New York: Friendship Press.

·         Sarkin, J. (2000). Promoting justice, truth and reconciliation in transnational societies: evaluating Rwanda’s approach in the new millennium of using community based Gacaca tribunals to deal with the past, International law FORUM du droit international, p. 112-121.

·         Scott, P. (2000). Me Against My Brother At War in Somalia, Sudan and Rwanda: a Journalist Reports fom the Battlefields of Africa, New York: Routledge.

·         Smeulers, A. & L. Hoex (2010). Studying in the micro-dynamics of the Rwandan genocide, British Journal of Criminology 50(3), 435-454

·         Straus, S. (2004) How many perpetrators were there in the Rwandan genocide? An estimate, Journal of Genocide Research 8(1), 85-98.

·         Straus, S. (2006). The order of genocide: race, power, and war in Rwanda, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

·         Straus, S. & L. Waldorf (2011). Remaking Rwanda: state building and human rights after mass violence, University of Wisconsin Press.

·         Tanner, S (2011). Towards a pattern in mass violence participation? An analysis of Rwandan perpetrators’accounts from the 1994 genocide, Global Crime 12(4), 266-289.

·         Thompson, A. (Ed.) (2007). The media and the Rwandan genocide, Pluto Press

·         Totten, S. & R. Ubaldo (Ed.) (2011). We cannot forget – interviews with survivors of the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda, Rutgers State University.

·         Uvin, P. (2001). Difficult choices in the new post-conflict agenda: the international community in Rwanda after the genocide, Third World Quarterly, p. 177-190.

·         Verwimp, P. (2004). Death and survival during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, Population Studies 58(2), 233-245.

·         Verwimp, P. (2005). An economic profile of peasant perpetrators of genocide, Journal of Development Economics, 77: 297-323.

·         Verwimp, P. (2006). Machetes and firearms: the organization of massacres in Rwanda, Journal of Peace Research 43 (1), 5-22.

·         Wallis, A. (2006). Silent Accomplice: The Untold Story of France´s role in Rwandan Genocide, London: I.B. Tauris.

·         Weitsman, P.A. (2008). The Politics of Identity and Sexual Violence: A Review of Bosnia and Rwanda, Human Rights Quarterly 30(3), 561-578.

·         Zawati, H. M. and M. M. Ibstisam. (2005). A Selected Socio-Legal Bibliography on Ethnic Cleansing, Wartime Rape, and Genocide in the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press.

 

 

Sierra Leone

·         Anthony, C. (2003). Historica land Political Background of the Conflict in Sierra Leone, in: K. Ambos & M. Othman (Eds.), New approaches in International Criminal justice: Kosovo, East Timor, Sierra Leone and Cambodia, Freiburg i. Br.: Max-Planck Institut für ausländisches und internationals Strafrecht

·         Bensel, T. ten (2014). Framing in the making: the evolution of sex offender motivation in Sierra Leone, International Criminal Justice Review.

·         Coulter, C. (2009). Bush wives and girl soldiers – women’s lives through war and peace in Sierra Leone, Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.

·         Denov, M. (2010). Child soldiers: Sierra Leone’s Revolutionary United Front, Cambridge University Press.

·         Gberie, L. (2005). A dirty war in West Africa: the RUF and the destruction of Sierra Leone, Indiana University Press.

·         Hoffman, D. (2007). The meaning of a militia: understanding the Civil Defence Forces of Sierra Leone, African Affairs, 639-662.

·         Hoffman, D. (2011). The war machines, young men and violence in Sierra Leone and Liberia, Duke University Press.

·         Peters, K.(2011). War and the crisis of youth in Sierra Leone, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Russel, J. & R. Cohn (Eds.) (2012). Sierra Leone civil war, Bookvila.

 

Somalia

·         Bowden, M. (1999). Black Hawk Down, New York: Atlantic Monthly Press.

·         Scott, P. (2000). Me Against My Brother At War in Somalia, Sudan and Rwanda: a Journalist Reports fom the Battlefields of Africa, New York: Routledge.

 

South Africa (Apartheid)

·         Benson, M. (1986). Nelson Mandela, Harmondsworth: Penguin Books Ltd.

·         Bell, T. (2001). Unfinished business: South Africa’s Apartheid and truth, Cape Town: Redworks.

·         Bizos, G. (1999). No one to blame? Cape Town: David Phillip.

·         Chapman, A.R. & H. van der Merwe (2008). Truth and Reconciliation in South Africa: Did the TRC Deliver? Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Press.

·         Edelstein, J. (2001). Truth and Lies – stories from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa, New York: The New Press.

·         Farisani, T. (1987). Diary  from a South African Prison, Philadelphia: Fortress Press.

·         First, R. (1965). 117 Days – An account of confinement and interrogation under the South-African Ninety-day Detention Law, Harmondsworth: Penguin Books Ltd.

·         Foster, D. (1987). Detention and Torture in South Africa, London: James Currey.

·         Foster, D., P. Haupt & M. de Beer (2005). The theatre of violence – narratives of protagonists in the South African Conflict, Cape Town: Intstitute of Justice and Reconciliation.

·         Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2003). A human being died that night – a South African story of forgiveness, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

·         Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2002). Remorse, forgiveness, and rehumanization: stories from South Africa, Journal of Humanistic Psychology, p. 7-32.

·         Goodman, D. (1999). Fault lines – journey into the new South Africa, Berkeley: University of California Press.

·         Gordin, J. (1998). A long night’s damage: working for the Apartheid State, Johannesburg: Contra Press.

·         Krog. A. (1999). Country of my Skull: Guilt, sorrow, and the limits of forgiveness in the New South Africa, New York: Random House.

·         Makhoere, C. K. (1988). No child’s play – In prison under apartheid, London: Cox & Wyman.

·         Mandela, N. (1965). No easy walk to freedom, London: Heinemann Educational Books Ltd.

·         Meredith, M. (1999). Coming to terms: South Africa’s search for truth, New York: Public Affairs.

·         Pauw, J. (1997). Into the heart of darkness: confessions of Apartheid’s assasins, Johannesburg: J.Ball.

·         Sachs, A. (1966). The jail diary of Albie Sachs, London: Harvill Press.

·         Sachs, A. (2000). Soft vengeance of a freedom fighter, Los Angelos: University of California Press.

·         Sparks, A. (1990). The mind of South-Africa, New York: Knopf.

·         Sparks, A. (2003). Beyond the miracle: inside the new South Africa, London: Profile Books.

·         Tambo, O. (1987). Preparing for power. Oliver Tambo Speaks, Houten: Het wereldvenster (Unieboek bv).

·         Woods, D. (1978). Biko, New York: Paddington Press Ltd.

 

Sovjet-Union

·         Bullock, A. (1991). Hitler and Stalin – parallel lives, London: HarperCollins.

·         Conquest, R. (1990). The Great terror: a reassessment, New York: Oxford University Press.

·         Getty, J.A. (1985). Origins of the great purges – the Soviet communist party reconsidered 1933-1938, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Naimark, N.M. (2011) Stalin’s genocide, Princeton University Press.

·         Overy, R. (2004). The dictators – Hitler’s Germany, Stalin’s Russia, London: Penguin Books.

·         Solzhenitsyn, A. (1963). One day in the life of Ivan Denisovich, London: Penguin Books.

·         Solzhenitsyn, A. (1974). The Gulag Archipelago, New York: Harper & Row.

·         Urban, G. (Ed.) (1985). Stalinism: its impact on Russia and the world, Aldershot: Wildwood House.

 

Spain

·          Woodworth, P. (2001). Dirty war clean hands – ETA, the GAL and Spanish democracy, New Haven: Yale University Press.

 

Sudan

·         Barnidge, R.P., Jr. (2009). The United Nations and the African Union: Assessing a Partnership for Peace in Darfur Journal of Conflict and Security Law 14(1).

·         Brunk, D. (2008). Dissecting Darfur: Anatomy of a Genocide Debate, International Relations, 22(1): 25-44.

·         Burr, J.M. and R.O. Collins (2006). Darfur: the long road to disaster, Princeton: Marcus Wiener Publishers.

·         Daly, M.W. (2007). Darfur's Sorrow: A History of Destruction and Genocide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Deng, F. M. (1995). War of Visions: Conflicts of Identities in the Sudan, Washington: Brookings Institution Press.

·         Deng, F. M. (2004). Sudan’s Civil War: The Peace Process Before and Since Machakos – An account of peace negotiations in thesouthern civil war, Oxford: African Books Collective.

·         Flint, J. and A. de Waal (2005). Darfur: A Short History of a Long War (African Arguments), London: Zed Books.

·         Flint, J., A. Haggar, M. Abdel Jalil, R. Marchal, A. A. Mohammed, D. Murphy, A. Abdullah Fadul, A. Kamal El-Din, A. A. Yousuf, R. Hamilton, C. Hazlett, L. Nathan, V. Tanner, D. Toga, J. Tubiana & A. Waal (Editor) (2007). War in Darfur and the Search for Peace (Studies in Global Equity, Darfur). Harvard: Harvard University.

·         Hagan, J. (2008). Darfur and the Crime of Genocide (Cambridge Studies in Law and Society). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Hagan, J. and A. Palloni (2006). Social science: death in Darfur, 313 Science Magazine, p. 1578-1579.

·         Hagan, J. & W. Rymond-Richmond (2009). Darfur and the Crime of Genocide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Hagan, J., W. Rymond-Richmond and P. Parker. (2005). The Criminology of Genocide: the Death and Rape of Darfur, 43:3 Criminology, p. 525-562.

·         Johnson, D. H. ( 2003). The root causes of Sudan’s Civil Wars – a historical analysis of conflict in the Sudan, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Kiernan, B. (2007). Blood and Soil: A World History of Genocide and Extermination from Sparta to Darfur. New Haven: Yale University Press.

·         Lippman, M. (2007). Darfur: the politics of genocide denial syndrome, Journal of Genocide Research, 9(2): 193-213.

·         Maitre, B.R. (2009). What Sustains 'Internal Wars'? The dynamics of violent conflict and state weakness in Sudan Third World Quarterly 30(1): 53-68.

·         Mullins, C.W. & Rothe, D.L. (2007). The forgotten ones, Critical Criminology, 15(2): 135-158.

·         Petterson, D. (2003). Inside Sudan: Political Islam, Conflict, and Catastrophe, New York: Basic Books.

·         Prunier, G. (2005). Darfur: The ambiguous Genocide, New York: Cornell University Press.

·         Scott, P. (2000). Me Against My Brother At War in Somalia, Sudan and Rwanda: a Journalist Reports fom the Battlefields of Africa, New York: Routledge.

·         Scroggins, D. (2002). Emma’s War: An Aid Worker, a Warlord, Radical Islam, and the Politics of Oil – A True Story of Love and Death in Sudan, New York: Pantheon Books.

·         Straus, S. (2006). Rwanda and Darfur: a comprataive analysis, Genocide Studies and Prevention, 41-55.

·         Totten, S. & E. Markussen (Eds.) (2006). Genocide in Darfur: investigating the atrocities in the Sudan, New York: Routledge.

·         Vanrooyen, M., J. Leaning, K. Johnson, K. Hirschfeld, D. Tuller, A.C. Levine & J. Hefferman (2008). Employment of a livelihoods analysis to define genocide in the Darfur region of Sudan Journal of Genocide Research 10(3), 343-358.

 

Uganda

·         Acker, F. van (2004). Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army: the new order no one ordered, African Affairs, 335-357.

·         Allen, T. (2006). Trial Justice – the international criminal court and the Lord’s resistance army, London: Zed Books.

·         Allen, T. & K. Vlassenroot (Eds.) (2010). The Lord’s Resistance Army: myth and reality, London/New York: Zed Books.

·         Apuuli, K. P. (2004). The International Criminal court (ICC) and the Lord Resistance Army (LRA) insurgency in Northern Uganda, Criminal Law Forum 15, 391-409.

·         Baines, E.K. (2009). Complex political prisoners: reglections on Dominic Ongwen, Journal of Modern African Studies 47(2), 163-191.

·         Blattman, C. (2009). From Violence to Voting: War and Political Participation in Uganda, American political science review 103(2), 231-247.

·         Eichstaedt, P. (2009). First kill your family – Child soldiers of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army, Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books.

·         Lindeman, S. (2011). Just another change of guard? Broad-based politics and civil war in Museveni’s Uganda, African Affairs 110(440), 387-416.

·         Oloya, O. (2013). Child to soldier – Stories from Joseph Kony’s Lord’s Resistance Army, Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

·         Pham, P. P. Vinck & E. Stover (2008). The Lord’s Resistance Army and forced conscription in Northern Uganda, Human Rights Quarterly 30, 404-411.

·         Quinn, J.R. (2009). Getting to peace? Negotiating with the LRA in Northern Uganda, Human Rights Review 10, 55-71.

·         Vinck, P., P.N. Pham, E. Stover, H.M. Weinstein (2007). Exposure to war crimes and implications for peace building in Northern Uganda, American Medical Association 298(5), 543-554.

 

United States - general

·         Alperovitz, G. (1995). The Decision to use the Atomic Bomb, New York: Vintage Books.

·         Bunker, R.J. (ed.) (2008). Criminal-States and Criminal-Soldiers New York: Routledge.

·         Harbury, J.K. (2005). Truth, torture and the American way – the history and consequences of U.S. involvement in torture, Boston: Beacon Press.

·         Huggings, M.K. (1998). Political policing – the United States and Latin America, Durham and London: Duke University Press.

·         Key, J. (2007). The deserter’s tale: the story of an ordinary soldier who walked away from the war in Iraq, New York: Atlantic Monthly Press.

·         McCoy, A.W. (2006). A Question of Torture – CIA Interrogation, from the Cold War to the War on Terror, New York: Metropolitan Books.

·         Scahill, J. (2007). Blackwater, the rise of the world’s most powerful mercenary army. New York: Nation Books.

·         Steele, B.J. (2008).`Ideals that were really never in our possession': Torture, Honor and US Identity International Relations 22(2), 243-261.

·         Trombley, S. (1993). The Executional Protocol, London: Century.

·         Vine, D. (2009). Island of Shame. The Secret History of the U.S. Military Base on Diego Garcia Princeton: Princeton University Press.

 

United States – Vietnam including My Lai

·         Addicott, J.F. and W.A. Hudson (1993). The twentieth anniversary of My Lai: a time to inculcate the lessons, 139 Military Law Review, p. 1530185.

·         Bilton, M. and K. Sim. (1992). Four hours in My Lai -a war crime and its aftermath, London: Viking.

·         Hersh, S.M. (1970). My Lai: A report on the massacre and its aftermath, New York: Vintage Books.

·         Peers, W.R. (1979). The My Lai Inquiry, New YorK Norton & Company.

·         Sallah, M. and M. Weis (2006). Tiger Force – a true story of men and war, New York, NJ, Little Brown.

·         Solis, G.D. (1997). Son Thang – An American War Crime, New York: Bantam Books.

 

United States – War on Terror

·         Cannon, M.E. (2005). Abu Ghraib – reflections in the looking glass, Xulon Press.

·         Danner, M. (2004). Torture and truth – America, Abu Ghraib and the war on terror, New York: New York Review Books.

·         Finley, L.L. (2008). The Torture and Prisoner Abuse Debate (Historical Guides to Controversial Issues in America). Westport: Greenwood Press.

·         Forsythe, D.P. (2011). The politics of prisoner abuse, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Freeman, M. (2008). Democracy, Al Qaeda, and the Causes of Terrorism: A Strategic Analysis of U.S. Policy Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 31(1): 40 – 59.

·         Goldsmith (2007). Terror Presidency – law and judgment inside the Bush administration, New York: W.W. Norton & Company.

·         Gourevitch, Ph and E. Morris (2008). Standard operating procedure, New York: The Penguin Press.

·         Greenberg, K.J. (2006). The torture debate in America, Cambridge: University Press.

·         Greenberg, K.J. (2009). The Least Worst Place: Guantanamo's First 100 Days. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Greenberg, K.J. and J.L. Dratel (Eds.) (2005). The torture papers – the road to Abu Ghraib, Cambridge: University Press.

·         Hamm, M.S. (2007). High crimes and misdemeanors': George W. Bush and the sins of Abu Ghraib, Crime, Media, Culture, 3(3): 259-284.

·         Hersh, S.M. (2004). Chain of command – The road from 9/11 to Abu Ghraib, London: Penguin Books.

·         Jaffer, J. and A. Singh (2007). Administration of torture: a documentary record from Washington to Abu Ghraib and beyond, New York: Columbia University Press.

·         Karpinski J. with S. Strasser (2005). One woman’s army – the commanding general of Abu Ghraib tells her story, New York: Miramax Books.

·         McKelvey, T. (2008). Monstering: Inside America’s Policy of Secret Interrogations and Torture in the Terror War, New York: Carrol & Graff.

·         Mestrovic, S.G. (2006). The trial of Abu Ghraib: an expert witness account of shame and honor, Paradign Publishers.

·         Paust, J. (2007). Beyond the Law: The Bush Administration’s Unlawful Responses in the “War” on Terror. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Pyle, C.H. (2009). Getting away with torture: secret government, war crimes, and the rule of law, Dulles: Potomac Books inc.

·         Ratner, M. and E. Ray. (2004). Guantanamo – what the world should know, Vermont: Chelsea Green Publishing.

·         Saar, E. and V. Novak (2005). Inside the wire – a military intelligence soldir’s eyewitness account of life at Guantanamo, New York: The Penguin Press.

·         Sheehan, I.S. (2009). Has the Global War on Terror Changed the Terrorist Threat? A Time-Series Intervention Analysis, Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 32(8), 743-761.

·         Smeulers, A. & S. van Niekerk (2009). Abu Ghraib and the War on Terror – a case against Donald Rumsfeld? Crime, Law and Social Change 51(3-4), 327-349.

·         Strasser, S (2004). The Abu Ghraib investigations: the official independent panel and pentagon reports on the shocking prisoner abuse in Iraq, New York: Public affairs.

 

Uruguay

·         Heinz, W.S. (1993). The military, torture and human rights: experiences from Argentina, Brazil, Chili and Uruguay, in: R.D. Crelinsten and A.P. Schmid (Eds.), The politics of pain – Torturers and their masters, Leiden: COMT, p.73-108.

·         Heinz, W.S. (1995). Motives for ‘Disappearances’ in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay in the 1970s, 13 Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 1, p.51-64.

·         Weschler, L. (1990). A Miracle, A Universe – settling accounts with torturers, New York: Penguin Books.

 

Yugoslavia

·         Djilas, M. (2001). Tito: the Story from Inside, London: Phoenix.

·         Drakulic, S. (2004). They would never hurt a fly – war criminals on trial in The Hague, London: Penguin Books.

·         Glenny, M. (1996). The fall of Yugoslavia: the third Balkan war, New York: Penguin, 3rd rev. ed.

·         Gutman, R. (1993). A witness to genocide: the first inside account of the horrors of ethnic cleansing in Bosnia, Shaftesbury: Element.

·         Honig, J.W. and N. Both (1996). Srebrenica: record of a war crime, London: Penguin.

·         Lampe, J.R. and M. Mazower. (2004). Ideologies and National Identities: The Case of Twentieth-Century Southeastern Europe, Budapest: Central European University Press.

·         Jokic, A. (2001). War Crimes and Collective Wrongdoings, Blackwell Publidshing Ltd.

·         McCarthy, P. (2000). After the Fall: Srebrenica Survivors in St. Louis, St. Louis: Missouri Historical Society Press. 

·         Morton, J. S., P. Forage and S. Bianchini (Eds.) (2004). Reflections on the Balkan Wars: Ten Years After the Break-up of Yugoslavia,  New York: Pelgrave Macmillan.

·         Sells, M.A. (1996). The Bridge Betrayed: Religion and Genocide in Bosnia, Berkeley: University of California Press.

·         Stiglmayer, A. (1994). Mass Rape: The War Against Women in Bosnia-Hercegovina, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

·         Sudetic, C. (1998). Blood and Vengeance: One Family’s Story of the War in Bosnia, New York: Norton.

·         Tanner, S. (2007). Political opportunities and local contingnecies in mass crime participation: personal experiences by former Serbian militiamen, Global Crime 8(2), 152-169.

·         Tanner, S. & M. Mulone (2013). Private security and armed conflict – a case study of the scorpions during the mass killings in former Yugoslavia, British Journal of Criminology 53, 41-58.

·         Vickers, M. (1998). Between Serb and Albanian: A History of Kosovo, New York: Columbia University Press.

·         Wesselingh, I. and A. Vaulerin (2005). Raw memory – Prijedor, laboratory of ethnic cleansing, London: Saqi.

·         Zarkov, D. (1997). War rapes in Bosnia – on masculinity, feminity and power of the rape victim identity, Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, p. 140-151.

·         Zawati, H. M. and M. M. Ibstisam. (2005). A Selected Socio-Legal Bibliography on Ethnic Cleansing, Wartime Rape, and Genocide in the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press.

 

Zimbwabe  

·         Meredith, M. (2002). Our votes, our guns – Robert Mugabe and the tragedy of Zimbabwe, New York: Public Affairs.

 

CAUSES

                Armed conflict

·         Brehm, M. (2008).  The Arms Trade and States' Duty to Ensure Respect for Humanitarian and Human Rights Law Journal of Conflict Security Law 13(1).

·         Brunborg H., E. Tabeau & H. Urdal (2007). The Demography of Armed Conflict (International Studies in Population). The Hague: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

·         Goldsmith, B.E., S.K. Chalup & M.J. Quinlan (2008). Regime Type and International Conflict: Towards a General Model Journal of Peace Research 45(6), 743-763.

·         Harbom, L., E. Melander & P. Wallensteen (2008). Dyadic Dimensions of Armed Conflict, 1946—2007 Journal of Peace Research 45(5), 697-710.

·         Lujala, P. (2009). Deadly Combat over Natural Resources: Gems, Petroleum, Drugs, and the Severity of Armed Civil Conflict Journal of Conflict Resolution 53: 50-71.

·         Palmer, G. (ed.) (2008). Causes and Consequences of International Conflict- Data, Methods and Theory New York: Routledge.

·         Quackenbush, S.L. & J.F. Venteicher (2008). Settlements, Outcomes, and the Recurrence of Conflict Journal of Peace Research 45(6), 723-742.

·         Theisen, M.T. (2008). Blood and Soil? Resource Scarcity and Internal Armed Conflict Revisited Journal of Peace Research 45(6), 801-818.

 

Bureaucracy and organization

·         Allen, M.T. (2002). The Business of Genocide: The SS, Slave Labor, and the Concentration Camps, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

·         Alperovitz, G. (1995). The Decision to use the Atomic Bomb, New York: Vintage Books.

·         Arendt, H. (1964). Eichmann in Jerusalem – a report on the banality of evil, New York: Penguin Books.

·         Baumann, Z. (1989). Modernity and the Holocaust, Cambridge: Polity Press.

·         Hilberg, R. (1985). The destruction of the European Jews, New York: Holmes & Meier.

·         Policzer, P. (2004). How organizations shape human rights violations, in: S. Carey and S. Poe (eds.), Understanding human rights violations: new systematic studies, Ashgate Publishing ltd., p. 221-238.

·         Sofsky, W. (1999). The Order of Terror: The Concentration Camp, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

·         Trombley, S. (1993). The Executional Protocol, London: Century

·         The KGB Handbook (English Translation), Moscow: The USSR Committee for State Security

 

Childsoldiers

·         Achvarina, V. & Reich S. (2006) No place to hide: refugees, displaced persons, and the recruitment of child soldiers. International Security 31(1): 127-164.

·         Beah, I. (2007). A long way gone – Memoirs of a boy soldier, New York: Sarah Crichton Books.

·         Brett, R. & McCallin, M. (1998) Children the invisible soldiers. Växjö: Rädda Barnen.

·         Brett, R. & Specht, I. (2004) Young soldiers, Why the choose to fight. Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc.

·         Briggs, J. (2005). Innocent lost: When child soldiers go to war, New York: Basic Books.

·         Brocklehurst, H. (2006). Who’s afraid of children? – Children, Conflict and International Relations, Aldershot: Ashgate.

·         Coalition to stop the use of child soldiers (2008) Child soldiers global report 2008. http://www.childsoldiersglobalreport.org/files/country_pdfs/FINAL_2008_Global_Report.pdf

·         Cohn, I. & Goodwinn-Gill, G. (1994) Child soldiers: the role of children in armed conflict. Oxford: Oxford University press.

·         Denov, M. (2008). Girl Soldiers and Human Rights: Lessons from Angola, Mozambique, Sierra Leone and Northern Uganda, The International Journal of Human Rights 12(5), 813-836.

·         Eichstaedt, P. (2009). First kill your family – Child soldiers of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army, Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books.

·         Halsan Høiskar, A. (2001) Underage and under fire; An enquiry into the use of child soldiers 1994-8. Childhood 8(3): 340-360.

·         Happold, M. (2005) Child soldiers in International Law. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

·         Honwana, A. (2005).Child soldiers in Africa, Pennsylvania: University Pess.

·         Leahy, E. (2007) The Shape of things to Com; why age structure matters to a safer, more equitable world. Washington: Population Action International.

·         Machel, G. (2001) The impact of war on children. London: C. Hurst & Co Publishers Ltd.

·         Macmillan, L. (2009). The Child Soldier in North-South Relations International Political Sociology 3(1).

·         Pedersen, J. & Sommerfelt, T. (2007). Studying children in armed conflict: data production, social indicators and analysis. Social Indicators Research 84(3) p. 251-269.

·         Rosen, D.M. (2005). Armies of the Young: Child soldiers in war and terrorism, New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.

·         Shorr, L. (2007). The post-conflict treatment of child soldiers: A study of Liberian child soldiers, East African journal of human rights and democracy, 13(1): 1-29.

·         Singer, P.W. (2006). Children at war, Berkely: University of California Press.

·         Singh, D. (2007). When a child is not a child: The scourge of child soldering in Africa, African human rights law journal, 1(1).

·         Wessels, M. (2006). Child Soldiers – from violence to protection, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

 

Civil war

·         Buhaug, H., S. Gates & P. Lujala (2009). Geography, Rebel Capability, and the Duration of Civil Conflict, Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(4), 544-569.

·         Checkel, J.T. (ed) (2013). Transnational dynamics of civil war, Cambridge University Press.

·         Cunningham, D.E., K. Skrede Gleditsch & I. Salehyan (2009). It Takes Two: A Dyadic Analysis of Civil War Duration and Outcome, Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(4), 570-597.

·         Denny, E.K. & B.F. Walter (2014) Ethnicity and civil war, Journal of Peace Research 51(2), 199-212.

·         Hazen, J.M. (2013). What rebels want – resources and supply networks in wartime, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

·         Hegre, H., G. Østby & C. Raleigh (2009). Poverty and Civil War Events: A Disaggregated Study of Liberia, Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(4), 598-623.

·         Koubi, V. G. Spilker, T. Böhmelt & T. Bernauer (2014). Do natural resources matter for interstate and intrastate armed conflict? Journal of Peace Reseach 51(2), 227-243.

·         Mitchell, N. (2004). Agents of atrocity: leadres, followers and violation of human rights in civil war, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

·         Regan, P.M. (2009). Sixteen million one – understanding civil war, Boulder: Paradigm Publishers.

·         Weinstein, J.M. (2007). Inside rebellion – the politics of insurgent violence, Cambridge University Press

 

Collective violence

·         Barkan, S. E. and L. S. Lynne. (2000). Collective violence, Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

·         Kalyvas, S. N. (2006). The Logic of Violence in Civil War, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Mullins, C.W. & D.L. Rothe (2008). Blood, Power and Bedlam: Violations of International Criminal Law in Post-Colonial Africa (New Perspectives in Criminology and Criminal Justice) New York: Peter Lang Publishing.

·         Robben, A.C.G.M. and M.M., Su rez-Orozco. (2000). Cultures under Siege: Collective Violence  and Trauma in Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Summers, C. and E. Markusen. (1998). Collective Violence: Harmful Behavior in Groups and Government, Lanham: Rowman & Little.

·         Tilly, Ch., D. McAdam and S. Tarrow (2003). The Politics of Collective Violence, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

Colonialism and Imperialism

·         Anderson, D. M. and D. Killingray (Eds.), Policing the Empire : Government, Authority and Control, 1830-1940, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1991.

·         Arnold, D., Police, Power and Colonial Rule: madras 1859-1947, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1986.

·         Benton, L., Law and Colonial Cultures, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2002.

·         Berkely, B. (2002). The Graves are Not Yet Full: Race, Tribe and Power in the Heart of Africa, New York : Basic Books.

·         Bhavnani, R. & D. Miodownik (2009). Ethnic Polarization, Ethnic Salience, and Civil War Journal of Conflict Resolution 53: 30-49.

·         Dunstall, G., ‘Frontier and/or cultural fragment? Interpretations on violence in colonial New Zealand’, Social History, 29, 1, 2004, pp. 59-83.

·         Fanon, F., The Wretched of the Earth – A negro psychoanalasysts study of the problems of racism & colonialism in the world today, New York: Grove Press Inc. 1966.

·         Godfrey, B. and G. Dunstall, Crime and Empire 1840-1940, Devon, Willan Publishing 2005.

·         Lindqvist, S. (1996). Exterminate All The Brutes, New York: New Press.

·         Mamdani, M. (2002). When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism and the Genocide in Rwanda, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

·         Morrison, W., Criminology, Civilisation and the New World Order , Cavendish Publishing Ltd, 2005.

 

Death penalty

·         Bland, J. (1984). The common hangman – English and  Scottish Hangman before the abolition of public executions, Essex: Ian Henry Publications.

·         Human Rights Watch (2006). So long as they die – lethal injections in the United States, Human Rights Watch. http://hrw.org/reports/2006/us0406/

·         Trombley, S. (1993). The Executional Protocol, London: Century.

 

Disappearance

·         Ott, Lisa (2011). Enforced disappearance in international law, Antwerp: Intersentia.

 

Ethnic conflict

·         Berkely, B. (2002). The Graves are Not Yet Full: Race, Tribe and Power in the Heart of Africa, New York : Basic Books.

·         Cederman,L.E., H. Buhaug & J.K. Rød (2009). Ethno-Nationalist Dyads and Civil War: A GIS-Based Analysis, Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(4), 496-525.

·         Chirot, D. and M.E.P. Seligman. (2001). Ethnopolitical Warfare: Causes, Consequences and Possible Solutions, Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association.

·         Gurr, T.R. (1994). Peoples against states: Ethnopolitical conflict and the changing world system, 38 International Studies Quarterly, p. 347-377.

·         Harff, B. and T.R. Gurr. (2004). Ethnic conflict in world politics, Oxford: Westview Press.

·         Horowitz, D.L. (2001). The Deadly Ethnic Riot, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

·         Ignatieff, M. (1997). The Warrior’s honor – Ethnic war and the modern conscience,  London: Vintage.

·         Lubbe, A. (2009). Us versus Them: Splitting Dynamics and Turning Points in Ethnopolitical Conflict Peace Conflict and Development, issue 13.

·         Mann, M. (2005). The Dark Side of Democracy: Explaining Ethnic Cleansing, New York: Cambridge University Press.

·         Ryan, S. (2007). The Transformation of Violent Conflict, Intercommunal Conflict. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.

·         Taras, R. and Ganguly, R. (2006). Understanding ethnic conflict: the international dimension (3rd Edition), London: Longman.

·         Van den Berghe, P.L. (Ed.) (1990). State Violence and Ethnicity, Niwot, CO: University Press of Colorado.

·         Weidmann, N.B. (2009). Geography as Motivation and Opportunity: Group Concentration and Ethnic Conflict , Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(4), 526-543.

·         Wesselingh, I. and A. Vaulerin (2005). Raw memory – Prijedor, laboratory of ethnic cleansing, London: Saqi.

·         Zawati, H. M. and M. M. Ibstisam. (2005). A Selected Socio-Legal Bibliography on Ethnic Cleansing, Wartime Rape, and Genocide in the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press.

 

General

·         Achterhuis, H., Het rijk van de schaarste- van Thomas Hobbes tot Michel Foucault, Baarn: Ambo 1988.

·         Carey, S.C. and S.C. Poe (Eds.), Understanding Human Rights Violations – new systematic studies, Aldershot: Ashgate 2004.

·         Fein, H. (2007). Human Rights and Wrongs: Slavery, Terror, Genocide. Boulder: Paradigm Publishers.

·         Foucault, M., Discipline & Punish - The birth of the prison, New York: Random House Inc. 1979.

·         Parmentier, S. & E. Weitekamp (eds.) (2007). Crime and Human Rights, Amsterdam: Elsevier.

 

Gendercide

·         Jones, A. (2009). Gender inclusive – essays on violence, men and feminist international relations, London & New York: Routledge.

 

Genocide

·         Adelman, H. and A. Sushrke. (1999). The Path to Genocide: The Rwanda Crisis from Uganda to Zaire, New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

·         Alvarez, A. (2001). Governments, Citizens, and Genocide: a Comparative and Interdisciplinary Approach, Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

·         Alvarez, A. (2006).  Militias and Genocide, 2 War Crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity, 1-33.

·         Andreopoulos, G.J. (Ed.) Genocide – conceptualandhistorical dimensions, Philadephia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

·         Balint, J. (2012). Genocide, state crime and the law – in the name of the state, New York: Routledge.

·         Bartov, O. (2000). Mirrors of Destruction – war, genocide, and modern identity, New York: Oxford University Press.

·         Bartov, O. (1996). Murder in our midst: the Holocaust, industrial killings, and representation. New York: Oxford University Press.

·         Bartov, O. And P. Mack (Eds.) (2001). In God’s name – genocide and religion in the twentieth century, New York: Berghahn Books.

·         Bartov, O., A. Grossman and M. Nolan (Eds.) (2002). Crimes of War: Guilt and Denial in the Twentieth Century, New York: New Press.

·         Bartrop, P.R. & S.L. Jacobs (2011). Fifty key thinkers on the Holocaust and Genocide, Routledge.

·         Bloxham, D. (2008). Organized Mass Murder: Structure, Participation, and Motivation in Comparative Perspective Holocaust and Genocide Studies 22(2), 203-245.

·         Bloxhan, D. (2009). The final solution: a genocide, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Bloxham, D. & A.D. Moses (Eds.) (2010). The Oxford Handbook of Genocide Studies, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Browning, Ch. R. (1992). Ordinary men - Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the final solution in Poland, New York: Aaron Asher Books.

·         Browning, C.R. (1992). The Path to Genocide, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Campbell, T.D. &  M. Lattimer (2007). Genocide and Human Rights (International Library of Essays on Rights). Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.

·         Chalk, F. (1994). Redefining genocide, in: G.J. Andreopoulos (Ed.) Genocide – conceptualandhistorical dimensions, Philadephia: University of Pennsylvania Press, p.47-63.

·         Chalk, F. and K. Jonassohn (Eds.) (1990). The History and Sociology of Genocide - Analyses and Case Studies, New Haven: Yale University Press.

·         Charny, I.W. (1984). Toward the understanding and prevention of genocide – proceedings of the international conference on the Holocaust an Genocide, Boulder and London: Westview Press.

·         Charny, I.W. (Ed.) (1991). Genocide: a critical bibliographic review- vol. II, New York: Facts on file.

·         Charny, F. (1994). Toward a generic definition of genocide, in: G.J. Andreopoulos (Ed.) Genocide – conceptualandhistorical dimensions, Philadephia: University of Pennsylvania Press, p. 64-94.

·         Charny, I.W. (Ed.) (1994). The widening circle of genocide, New Brunswick (NJ): Transnational Publishers.

·         Charny, I.W. (1999). Encyclopedia of genocide, Santa Barbara: CA.

·         Charny. I.W. and A.L. Berger. (1988). Genocide: a critical bibliography review- vol. I. London: Mansell.

·         Dadrian, V.K. (1975). A typology of genocide, 5 International Review of Modern Sociology, p. 201-212.

·         Drost, P.N. (1959). The crime of state, vol. 2 – Genocide, Leyden: A.W. Sythoff.

·         Des Forges, A. (1999). Leave None to Tell the Story: Genocide in Rwanda, New York: Human Rights Watch.

·         Eboe-Osuji, C. (2007). Rape as genocide: some questions arising, Journal of genocide research, 9(2): 251-273.

·         Fein, H. (1984). Scearios of Genocide: models of genocide and critical responses, in: I.W. Charny (1984). Toward the understanding and prevention of genocide – proceedings of the international conference on the Holocaust an Genocide, Boulder and London: Westview Press, p. 3-31.

·         Fein, H. (1992). Genocide Watch, New Haven: Yale University Press.

·         Fein, H. (1993). Revolutionary and antirevolutionary genocide: a comparison of state murders in Democratic Kampuchea, 1975-1979, and Indonesia, 1965-1966, 35 Comparative Studies in Society and History, p. 796-823.

·         Fein, H.(1993). Genocide: a sociological perspective, London: Sage Publications.

·         Fein, H. (1994). Genocide, terror, life integrity, and war crimes: the case of discrimination, in: G.J. Andreopoulos (Ed.) Genocide – conceptualandhistorical dimensions, Philadephia: University of Pennsylvania Press, p. 95-107.

·         Freeman, M. (1991). The theory and prevention of genocide, 6 Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 185-199.

·         Frey, R. S. (2004). The Genocidal Temptation – Auschwitz, Hiroshima, Rwanda, and Beyond, Lanham MD: University Press of America.

·         Friedlander, H. (1995). The Origins of Nazi Genocide: From Euthanasia to the Final Solution, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Publishers.

·         Gellately, R. and B. Kiernan (Eds.) ( 2003). The Specter of Genocide:  Mass Murder in Historical Perspective, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Gerlach, C. (2006). Extremely violent societies: an alternative to the concept of genocide, Journal of Genocide Research, 8 (4): 455-471.

·         Hagan, J., W. Rymond-Richmond and P. Parker. (2005). The Criminology of Genocide: the Death and Rape of Darfur, 43:3 Criminology, p. 525-562.

·         Harff, B. (1992). Recognizing genocides and politicides, in: H. Fein (Ed.) Genocide Watch, New Haven: Yale University Press, p 27-41.

·         Harff, B. (2003). No lessons learned from the Holocaust? Assessing risks of genocide and political mass murder since 1955, 97 American Political Science Review 1, p. 57-73.

·         Heidenreich, J. G. ( 2001). How to Prevent Genocide: A Guide for Policymakers, Scholars, and the Concerned Citizen, Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group.

·         Hinton, A.L. (Ed) (2002). Genocide: an anthropological reader, Malden: Blackwell.

·         Hirsch, H. (1995). Genocide and the politics of memory – studying death to preserve life, Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.

·         Hirsh, D. (Ed.) (2006). Law Against Genocide, London: Routledge.

·         Horowitz, I.L. (2002). Taking Lives – Genocide and State Power, 5th Revised edition, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers.

·         Jamieson, R. (1999). Genocide and the social production of immorality, Theoretical criminology, p. 131-146.

·         Jonassohn, K. (1992). What is genocide? In: H. Fein (Ed.) Genocide Watch, New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 17-26.

·         Jonassohn, K. and K.S. Björnson. (1998). Genocide and gross human rights violations – in a comparative perspective, New Brunswick NY: Transaction Publishers.

·         Jones, A. (2006). Genocide – a comprehensive introduction, London and New york: Routledge.

·         Jones, A. (ed.) New directions in genocide research, Routledge.

·         Jongman, A.J. (Ed.) (1996). Contemporary genocides: causes, cases, consequences, Leiden: COMT.

·         Kimenyi, A. and O.L. Scott. (2001). Anatomy of Genocide: State Sponsored Mass Killings in the Twentieth Century, Lewiston NY:Edwin Mellen Press.

·         Kren, G.M. and L. Rappoport (1980). The Holocaust and the crisis of human behavior, New York: Holmes & Meier Publishers, inc.

·         Kressel, N.J. (1996). Mass Hate: The Global Rise of Genocide and Terror, New York: Plenum Press.

·         Kuper, L. (1981). Genocide - It's political use in the twentieth century, New Haven: Yale University Press.

·         Kuper, L. (1984). Types of genocide and mass murder, in: I.W. Charny (1984). Toward the understanding and prevention of genocide – proceedings of the international conference on the Holocaust an Genocide, Boulder and London: Westview Press, p. 32-47.

·         Kuper, L. (1985). The prevention of genocide, New Haven: Yale University Pres.

·         Kuper, L. (1990), The genocidal state: an overview, in: P.L. van den Berghe, State violence & ethnicity, Niwot Colorado: University Press of Colorado, p. 19-51.

·         Kuper, L. (1994). Theoretical issues relating to genocide: uses and abuses, in: G.J. Andreopoulos (Ed.) Genocide – conceptualandhistorical dimensions, Philadephia: University of Pennsylvania Press, p.  31-46.

·         Lattimer, M. (2007). Genocide and Human Rights, Aldershot: Ashgate.

·         Laufer, W.S. (1999). The forgotten criminology of genocide, in: W.S. Laufer and F. Adler, The criminology of criminal law, London: Transaction Publishers.

·         Lemkin, R. (1944). Axis rule in Occupied Europe, Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for international peace.

·         Levene, M. (2005). Genocide in the age of the Nation state 1 – the meaning of genocide, London: I.B. Tauris.

·         Levene, M. (2005). Genocide in the age of the Nation state 2 – the rise of the west and the coming of genocide, London: I.B. Tauris.

·         Lewy, G. (2007). Can there be genocide without the intent to commit genocide? Journal of genocide research, 9(4): 661-674.

·         Levy, G. (2006). Considerations on the connections between race, politics, economics, and genocide, Journal of Genocide Research, 8 (2): 137-148.

·         Lifton, R.J. and E. Markusen (1990). The genocidal mentality – Nazi Holocaust and Nuclear Threat, New York: Basic Books.

·         Liwerant, O.S. (2007). Mass murder – discussing criminological perspectives, Journal of International Criminal Justice, p. 917-939.

·         Mann, M. (2005). The dark side of democracy – explaining ethnic cleansing, Cambridge: University Press.

·         Markusen, E. and D. Kopf. (1995). The Holocaust and Strategic Bombing: Genocide and Total War in the Twentieth Century, Boulder: Westview Press.

·         Mcveigh, R. (2008). “The balance of cruelty”: Ireland, Britain and the logic of genocide Journal of Genocide Research 10(4), 541-561.

·         Meierhenrich, J. (2007). The trauma of genocide, Journal of Genocide Research, 9(4): 549-573.

·         Melber, H. (ed.) (2008). Revisiting the heart of darkness – Explorations into genocide and other forms of mass violence. 60 years after the UN Convention. Uppsala: The Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation.

·         Melson, R. (1992). Revolution and genocide: on the origins of the Armenian genocide and the Holocaust, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

·         Midlarsky, M.I. (2005). The killing trap – genocide in the Twentieth Century, Cambridge: University Press.

·         Morrison, W. (2004). Criminology, Genocide, and Modernity: Remarks on the Companion that Criminology Ignored, in: C. Summer (Ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Criminology, Oxford: Blackwell.

·         Morrison, W. (2004). Reflections with Memories: Everyday Photography Capturing Genocide, 8(3) Theoretical Criminology, p. 341-358. 

·         Newman, L.S. and R. Erber (Eds.) (2002). Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Powell, C. (2007). What do genocides kill? A relational conception of genocide, Journal of Genocide Research, 9(4): 527-547.

·         Powell, C. (2011). Barbaric civilization – a critical sociology of genocide, Montreal: McGill Queen’s University Press.

·         Prunier, G. (2005). Darfur: The ambiguous Genocide, New York: Cornell University Press.

·         Riemer, N. (Ed.) (2000). Protection against genocide – mission impossible? Westport: Praeger.

·         Rittner, J., K. Roth, and W. Whitworth (Eds.) (2004). Genocide in Rwanda: Complicity of the Churches?, New York : Paragon.  

·         Rosenbaum, A.S. (Ed.) (1998). Is the Holocaust Unique? Perspectives on Comparative Genocide, Boulder: Westview Press.

·         Schabas, W.A. (2000). Genocide in international law, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Schaller, D.J. & J. Zimmerer (ed) (2009). The Origins of Genocide. Raphael Lemkin as a historian of mass violence. Routledge Military, Strategic & Security Studies. New York: Routledge.

·         Semelin, J. (2007). Purify and destroy – The political uses of massacre and genocide. London: Hurst & Co Publishers Ltd.

·         Serbyn, D. (2009). Lemkin on Genocide of Nations Journal of International Criminal Justice 7(1): 123-130.

·         Shaw, M. (2003). War and Genocide: Organized Kiling in Modern Society, Cambridge: Polity.

·         Shaw, M. (2007). What is genocide?, Cambridge: Polity.

·         Shaw, M. (2007). The general hybridity of war and genocide, Journal of Genocide Research, 9(3): 461-473.

·         Shelton, D. (Ed.) (2005). Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, 3 vol., Detroit: Macmillan Reference.

·         Spangenburg, R.and D. Moser. (2000). The Crime of Genocide: Terror against Humanity, Berkeley: Enslow Publishers.

·         Staub, E. (1989). The Roots of Evil - the origins of genocide and other group violence, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Staub, E. (2011). Overcoming evil – genocide, violent conflict and terrorism, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Straus, S. (2006). The order of genocide, race power and war in Rwanda, Ithaca & London: Cornell University Press.

·         Stone, D. (Ed.) (2004). The Historiography of the Holocaust, Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave.

·         Totten, S. (2008). Plight and Fate of Women During and Following Genocide. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

·         Totten, S. (ed.) & P.R. Bartrop (ed.) (2009). The Genocide Studies Reader. New York: Routledge.

·         Totten, S., W. S. Parsons and I. W. Charney (Eds.) ( 2004). A Century of Genocide: Critical Essays and Eyewitness Accounts, New York: Routledge.

·         Üngör, U.U. (2006). When persecution bleeds into mass murder: the processive nature of genocide, 1 Genocide Studies and Prevention 2, p. 173-196.

·         Vetlesen, A.J. (2005). Evil and human agency, understanding collective evildoing, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Waller, J. (2007). Becoming Evil: How Ordinary People Commit Genocide and Mass Killings 2nd Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Weitz, E.D. (2003). A Century of Genocide. Utopias of Race and Nation, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

·         Woolford, A. (2006). Making genocide unthinkable: three guidelines for a critical criminology. 14 Critical Criminology, p. 87-106.

·         Yacoubian, G.S. (1997).Underestimating the magnitude of international crimes: implications of genocidal behavior for the discipline of criminology, 1 Injustice studies, p. 1.

·         Yacoubain, G.S. (2000). The (in)significance of genocide behavior to the discipline of criminology, 34 Crime, Law & Social Change, p. 7

·         Zawati, H. M. and M. M. Ibstisam. (2005). A Selected Socio-Legal Bibliography on Ethnic Cleansing, Wartime Rape, and Genocide in the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press.

 

Ideology

·         Halfin, I. (2003). Terror in my Soul – Communist Autobiographies on Trial, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

·         Koonz, C. (2003). The Nazi Conscience, Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

·         Lampe, J.R. and M. Mazower. (2004). Ideologies and National Identities: The Case of Twentieth-Century Southeastern Europe, Budapest: Central European University Press.

·         Weitz, E.D. (2003). A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

 

Internal conflict

·         Oskar N.T, T. & R. James (2006). Do Human Rights Violations Cause Internal Conflict?, Human Rights Quarterly, 29(3): 674–705.

·         Debos, M. (2008). Fluid Loyalties in a Regional Crisis: Chadian ‘Ex-Liberators’ in the Central African Republic, African Affairs, 107(427): 225-241.

 

Massacres

·         Bilton, M. and K. Sim. (1992). Four hours in My Lai -a war crime and its aftermath, London: Viking.

·         Browning, Ch. R. (1992). Ordinary men - Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the final solution in Poland, New York: Aaron Asher Books.

·         Kelman, H.C. and V.L. Hamilton. (1989). Crimes of obedience, New Haven: Yale University Press.

·         Kluseman, S. (2012). Massacres as process: a micro-sociological theory of internal patterns of mass atrocities, European Journal of Criminology 9(5), 468-480.

·         Mulan, D. (1997). Eyewitness Bloody Sunday – the truth, Dublin: Merling Publisher.

 

Mass Movements

·         Hoffer, E. (1951). The true believer: thoughts on the nature of mass movements, New York: HarperCollins Publishers.

·         Rhue, M. (1982). The Wave: a classroom is out of control, Puffinbooks/Penguinn Books Ltd.

 

Military – organization, initiation, training

·         Alexandra, A., D.P. Baker & M. Caparini (ed.) (2008). Private Military and Security Companies Ethics, Policies and Civil-Military Relations New York: Routledge.

·         Aronson, E., and J. Mills, The effect of severity of initiation on liking for a group, 59 Journal of abnormal and social psychology, p. 177-181.

·         Bouffard, L.A. (2003). Examining the relationship between military service and criminal behaviour during the

·         Vietnam era, 41 Criminology 2, p. 491-510.

·         Christensen, L.W. (2004). Warriors: On Living with Courage, Discipline and Honor, Boulder: Paladin Press.

·         Dyer, G. (1985). War, London: The Bodley Head.

·         Finer, S.E. (1988). The man on horseback: the role of the military in politics, London: Pinter. (org. published 1962)

·         Grossman, D. (2004). On Combat: the Psychology and Physiology of Deadly Conflict in War and in Peace, Belleville: PPCT Research Publications.

·         Grossman, D. (1996). On Killing: the Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society, Boston: Little, Brown and co.

·         Holmes, R. (1985). Acts of War: Behavior of Men in Battle, New York: Simon & Schuster Inc.

·         Keijzer, N. (1978). Military Obedience, Alphen aan de Rijn: Sijthof & Noordhof.

·         Koren,O. (2014). Military structure, civil disobedience, and military violence, Terrorism and Political Violence, 1-25.

·         McCoy, A.W. (1995). Banana”: Hazing and Honor at the Philippine military academy, The Journal of Asian Studies, p. 689-726.

·         Nadelson, T. (2005). Tained to kill – soldiers at war, Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

·         Osiel, M. (1999). Obeying Orders: Atrocity, Military Discipline & the Law of War, New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

·         Rowe, P. (2008). Military Misconduct during International Armed Operations: ‘Bad Apples’ or Systemic Failure? Journal of Conflict and Security Law 13, 165-189.

·         Shay, J.M.D. (1995). Achilles in Vietnam: Combat Trauma and the Undoing of Character, New York: Simon & Schuster.

·         Singer, P.W. (2003). Coroprate warriors – the rise of privatized military industry, Cornell University Press.

·         Sun Tzu. (2005). The Art of War, London: Penguin.

·         Van Gennep, A. (1960). The rites of passage, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

·         Watson, J., Deindividuation and Changing Appearance Before Battle, in: Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 25, p 342-345.

·         Winslow, D. (1999). Rites of passage and group bonding in the Canadian Airborne, Armed forces and Society, p. 429-457.

 

Militias

·         Ahram, A.I. (2014). The role of state-sponosred militias in genocide, Terrorism and Political Violence.

·         Alvarez, A. (2006). Militias and genocide, War Crimes, Genocide and Crimes against Humanity, 1-33.

·         Carey, S.C., N.J. Mitchell, W. Lowe (2012). States, the security sector, and the monopoly of violence: a new database on pro-government militias, Journal of Peace Research 50(2), 249-258.

 

Police

·         Andrade, J. (1985). World police and paramilitary forces, London: MacMillan.

·         Crank, J.O. (1998).Understanding police culture, Cincinnati: Anderson.

·         Harris, R.N. (1961). The police academy: an inside view, New York: John Wiley & Sons.

·         Skolnick, J. (1993). Above the Law: Police and the Excessive Use of Force, New York: Free Press.

·         Toch, H. (1996). Police Violence: Understanding and Controlling Police Abuse of Force, New Haven: Yale University Press.

 

Political power and violence

·         Ackroyd, C. , K. Margolis, J. Rosenhead and T. Shallice (1980). The technology of political control, 2nd  rev. ed., London:Pluto Pess.

·         Arendt, H. (1970). On Violence, San Diego: Harcourt Brace & Company.

·         Arendt, H. (1973). The origins of totalitarianism, San Diego: A Harvest/HBJ Book.

·         Beardsworth, R. (2008). Tragedy, World Politics and Ethical Community, International Relations, 22(1): 127-137.

·         Canetti, E. (1966). Crowds and power, Middlesex: Penguin Books.

·         Chirot, D. and C. McCauley (2006). Why not kill them all? The logic and prevention of mass political murder, Princeton: University Press.

·         Ewald, U. and K. Turkovic (eds.) (2006) Large-Scale Victimization as a Potential Source of Terrorist Activities. Importance of Regaining Security in Post-Conflict Societies, 217-241, NATO Security through Science Series, vol. 13. Amsterdam: IOS Press.

·         Fattah, K. & K.M. Fierke (2009). A Clash of Emotions: The Politics of Humiliation and Political Violence in the Middle East European Journal of International Relations 15(1): 67-93.

·         Gupta, D.K. (2001). Path to Collective Madness- A study in social order and political pathology, Westport: Preager.

·         Hoefnagels, M. (Ed.) (1997). Repression and Repressive Violence, Amsterdam: Swets & Zeitlinger.

·         Kalyvas, A. (2008). Democracy and the politics of the extraordinary: Max Weber, Carl Schmitt, and Hannah Arendt, Cambridge: University Press.

·         Kirchheimer, O. (1961). Political justice: the use of judicial procedure for political ends, Princeton: University Press.

·         Lukes, S. (1974). Power – a radical view, New York: Universiy Press.

·         Ruggiero, V. (2006). Understanding political violence – a criminological analysis. Berkshire: open university press.

 

Prisons

·         Foucault, M. (1979). Discipline & Punish - The birth of the Prison, New York: Random House Inc.

·         Goffman, E. (1961). The Prison, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

·         Zimbardo, P.G. (1995). K. Musen and P. Salovey, Quiet Rage: the Stanford Prison experiment, in: Contemporary psychology: a journal of reviews, p. 231.

·         Zimbardo, P.G., C. Haney, W. Curtis Banks and D. Jaffe. (1974). The psychology of imprisonment: privation, power, and pathology, in: R. Zick (ed.), Doing unto others, London: Englewood Cliffs, p. 61-73.

·         Zimbardo, P.G. and C. Haney. (1977). The Socialization into Criminality: On Becoming a Prisoner and a Guard, in: Tapp, J.L. and F.J. Levine (eds.) Law, Justice and the Individual in Society: Psychological and Legal Issues, New York: Holt, Rinehart & Wilson.

 

Rape and other sexual offences

·         Askin, K.D. (2001). Comfort women – shifting shame and stigma from victims to victimizers, 1 International Criminal Law Review 1-2, p. 5-32.

·         Bijleveld, C., A. Morssinkhof & A. Smeulers (2009). Counting the Countless: Rape Victimization During the Rwandan Genocide International Criminal Justice Review 19(2): 208-224.

·         Bensel, T. ten (2014). Framing in the making: the evolution of sex offender motivation in Sierra Leone, International Criminal Justice Review.

·         Brouwer, A.-M. de (2005). Supranational Criminal Prosecution of Sexual Violence: The ICC and the Practice of the ICTY and the ICTR, Antwerp: Intersentia.

·         Brouwer, De, A.M. (ed.), S. Ka Hon Chu & S. Muscati (2009). The Men Who Killed Me: Rwandan Survivors of Sexual Violence. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre.

·         Brouwer, A.M. de, C. Ku, R. Römkens & L. van den Herik (eds.) (2013). Sexual violence as an international crime: interdisciplinary approaches, Antwerp: Intersentia.

·         Brownmiller, S. (1975). Against our will: men, women and rape, London: Sexker and Warburg.

·         Burds, J. (2009). Sexual violence in Europe in World War II, 1939-1945, Politicas and Society 37, 35-73.

·         Chang, I. (1997). The Rape of Nanking, London: Penguin Books.

·         Chung, C. S. (1997). The Origin and Development of the Military Sexual Slavery Problem in Imperial Japan, 5:2-3 Positions: east asia culture critiques, p. 219-253.

·         Cohen, D.K. (2013). Explaining rape during civil war: cross-national evidence (1980-2009), American Political Science Review 107(3) 461-477.

·         Eboe-Osuji, C. (2007). Rape as genocide: some questions arising, Journal of Genocide Research, 9(2): 251-273.

·         Ericson, K. (2010). Rape, love and war – personal or political? Theoretical Criminology 15(1), 67-82.

·         Heineman, E.D. (Ed.). Sexual violence in conflict zones – from the ancient world to the era of human rights, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

·         Hicks, G.L. (1995). The comfort women: Japan’s brutal regime of enforced prostitution in the Second World War, New York: Norton.

·         Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (2009). Charcaterizing sexual violence in the Democratoc republic of the Congo, Open Soecity Institute.

·         Human Rights Watch/Africa. (1996). Shattered lives: sexual violence during the Rwandan genocide and its aftermath, New York: Human Rights Watch.

·         Leatherman, J.L. (2011). Sexual violence and armed conflict, Cambridge: Polity.

·         Leiby, M. (2009). Digging the Archives: the promise and perils of primary documents, Politics & Society 37, 75-99.

·         Lilly, J. (2007). Taken by force – rape and American GIs in Europe during World War II, Palgrave Macmillan (org. French)

·         Lunden, W.A. (1976). Violent Crimes in Japan in War and Peace: 1933-1974, 4 International Journal of Criminology and Penology, p. 349-363.

·         Morris, M. (1996). By force of arms: rape, war and military culture, 45 Duke Law Journal, p. 651- 781.

·         Murdoch, M. et al. (2009). Local social norms and military sexual stressors: do senior officer’s norms matter? Military Medicine 174 (10), 1100-1104.

·         Nordas, R. & D.K. Cohen (2012). Sexual violence by militias in African Conflicts – not a question of delegation by states, CSCW Policy Brief.

·         Quénivet, N.N.R. (2005). Sexual offences in armed conflict & international law, Ardsley, NY: Transnational.

·         Rey, T., (1999). Junta, Rape, and Religion in Haiti: 1993-1994, 15 Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, p. 73-100. 

·         Rosenman, S. (2000). The Spawning Grounds of the Japanese Rapists on Nanking, 28 Journal of Psychohistory, p. 2-23.

·         Smith, A. (2005). Conquest: Sexual violence and American Indian Genocide, Boston: South End Press.

·         Smith, M.D. (Ed) (2004). Encyclopedia of rape, Westport: Greenwood Press.

·         Staggs Kelsall, M. & S. Stepakoff (2007). ‘When We Wanted to Talk About Rape’: Silencing Sexual Violence at the Special Court for Sierra Leone. International Journal of Transitional Justice. 1(3):355-374.

·         Stiglmayer, A. (1994). Mass Rape: The War Against Women in Bosnia-Hercegovina, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

·         Tanaka, Y. (2002).  Japan’s Comfort Women: Sexual slavery and prostitution during world war II and the US occupation, London: Routledge.

·         Weitsman, P.A. (2008). The Politics of Identity and Sexual Violence: A Review of Bosnia and Rwanda Human Rights Quarterly 30(3), 561-578.

·         Wood, E.J. (2006). Variation in sexual violence during war, Politics & Society 34, 307-341.

·         Wood, E.J. (2009). Arned groups and sexual violence: when is wartime rape rare? Politics & Society 37, 131-161.

·         Yoshiaki, Y. (2000). Comfort Women, New York: Columbia University Press.

·         Zarkov, D. (1997). War rapes in Bosnia – on masculinity, feminity and power of the rape victim identity, Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, p. 140-151.

·         Zawati, H. M. and M. M. Ibstisam. (2005).  A Selected Socio-Legal Bibliography on Ethnic Cleansing, Wartime Rape, and Genocide in the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press.

 

Rebel groups

·         Buhaug, H., S. Gates & P. Lujala (2009). Geography, Rebel Capability, and the Duration of Civil Conflict, Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(4), 544-569.

·         Heiberg, M., B. O´Leary and J. Tirman (2007). Terror, Insurgency, and the State: Ending Protacted Conflicts, Pennsylvenia: Penn Press.

·         Weinstein, J.M. (2007). Inside rebellion – the politics of insurgent violence, Cambridge University Press.

                                                                            

Religion

·         Bartov, O. And P. Mack (Eds.) (2001). In God’s name – genocide and religion in the twentieth century, New York: Berghahn Books.

·         Esposito, J. L. (1999). The Islamic Threat, Oxford: Oxford University Press Inc.

·         Goldhagen, D.J. (2002). A Moral Reckoning: The Role of the Catholic Church in the Holocaust and its Unfulfilled Duty of Repair, New York: Knopf.

·         Graziano, F. (1992). Divine violence: spectacle, psychosexuality & radical Christianity in the “Dirty War”, Boulder Colo: Westview Press.

·         Juergensmeyer, M. (2001). Terror in the Mind of God – The Global Rise of Religious Violence, Berkley: University of California Press.

·         Sells, M.A. (1996). The Bridge Betrayed: Religion and Genocide in Bosnia, Berkeley: University of California Press.

·         Rey, T. (1999). Junta, Rape, and Religion in Haiti: 1993-1994, 15 Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, p. 73-100. 

 

        Revolution

·         Brinton, C. (1965). The anatomy of revolution, rev. and exp. Ed., New York: Random House.

·         Gurr, T.R. (1970). Why men rebel, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

·         Huntington, S.P. (1968). Political order in changing societies, New Haven: Yale University Press.

·         Melson, R.F. (1992). Revolution and Genocide: on the Origins of the Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

·         Tilly, Ch. (1978). From mobilization to revolution, New York: McGraw-Hill.

 

State Crime

·         Aulette, J. and R. Michalowski (1993). Fire in Hamlet: a case study of state-corporate crime, in: K. Tunnel (Ed.) Political crime in contemporary America, New York: garland, p. 171-206

·         Balint, J. (2012). Genocide, state crime and the law – in the name of the state, New York: Routledge.

·         Barak, G. (1990). Crime, Criminology and Human Rights: Towards an Understanding of State Criminality, 2(1) The Journal of Human Justice, p. 31-45.

·         Barak, G. (ed.). (1991). Crimes by the capitalist state: an introduction to state criminality, Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

·         Cohen, S. (1993). Human Rights and Crimes of the State: The Culture of Denial, 26(2)  Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, p. 97 – 115.

·         Cohen, S. (1995). State Crimes of Previous Regimes: Knowledge, Accountability, and the Policing of the Past, 20 Law & Soc. Inquiry, p. 7-50.

·         Cohen, S. (1996). Government Responses to Human Rights reports, 18 Human Rights Quarterly, p. 517–543.

·         Cohen, S. (1996). Crime and politics: can you spot the difference? 47 British Journal of Sociology, p. 1-21.

·         Chambliss. W. (1989). State-organized crime, 27 Criminology, p. 183-208.

·         Chambliss, W. (1995). Commentary by William J. Chambliss, 26 Society of Social Problems Newsletter 1, 9

·         Chambliss, W.J., R. Michalowski & R.C. Kramer (Eds.). State crime in the global age, Portland: Willan Publishing.

·         Davenport, C. (2007). State repression and domestic democratic peace, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Friedrichs, D. O. (1996). Governmental Crime, Hitler, and White Collar Crime: A Problematic Relationship, 1 Caribbean Journal of Criminology and Social Psychology, p. 44-63.

·         Friedrichs, D. O. (1998). State Crime: Volumes I and II, Alderschot: U.K., Ashgate/Dartmouth.

·         Friedrichs, D. O. (2000). The Crime of the Century? The Case fort he Holocaust, 34 Crime Law and Social Change, p.21-41.

·         Friedrichs, D. and D. Rothe. (2006). The State of the Criminology of Crimes of the State, Social Justice 33 (1), p. 147-161.

·         Green, P. (2005). Disaster by design – corruption, construction and catastrophe, 45 British Journal of Criminology, p. 528-546.

·         Green, P. and T. Ward. (2000).  State Crime, Human Rights and the Limits of Criminology, 27 Social Justice, p. 101-120.

·         Green, P. and T. Ward. (2000). Legitimacy, Civil Society and State Crime, 27 Social Justice, p. 76-93.

·         Green, P. and T. Ward (2004). State Crime: governments, violence and corruption. London: Pluto.

·         Heiberg, M., B. O´Leary and J. Tirman (2007). Terror, Insurgency, and the State: Ending Protacted Conflicts, Pennsylvenia: Penn Press.

·         Hogg, R. (2002). Criminology Beyond the Nation State: Global Conflicts, Human Rights and the New World Disorder, Critical Criminology, p. 185-217.

·         Jamieson, R. and K. McEvoy (2005). State crime by proxy and juridical othering, 45 British journal of Criminology, p. 504-527.

·         Kauzlarich, D. (1995). A Criminology of the Nuclear State, 19 Humanity and Society,, p. 37-57.

·         Kauzlarich, D. and D.O. Friedrichs (2002-2003). Crimes of the state, in: M.D. Schwartz and S. Hatty (Eds.) Controversial issues in Criminology: critical criminology, Cincinnati: Anderson, p. 109-120.

·         Kauzlarich, D. and R.C. Kramer. (1993). State Corporate Crime in the U.S. Nuclear Weapons Production Complex, 5 The Journal of Human Justice, p. 4-28.

·         Kauzlarich, D. and R.C. Kramer. (1998). Crimes of the Nuclear State: At Home and abroad, Boston: Northeastern University Press.

·         Kauzlarich, D., R.C. Kramer and B. Smith. (1992). Toward the study of governmental crime: Nuclear weapons, foreign intervention, and international law, 16(4) Humanity & Society, p. 543-563.

·         Kauzlarich, D., R.A. Matthews and W.J.  Miller. (2001). Toward a Victimology of State Crime, 10 Critical Criminology, p. 172-194.

·         Kramer, R. C.(1990). State Corporate Crime, paper presented at the North central Sociological Association and the Southern Sociological Association, Louisville KY.

·         Kramer, R. C. (1990). The Concept of State Corporate Crime, paper presented at the Society for the Study of Social Problems, Washington, DC.

·         Kramer, R. C. and R. Michalowski. (1990). Towards and Integrated Theory of State Corporate Crime, paper presented at the American Society of Criminology, Baltimore, MD.

·         Kramer, R. C. (1994). State violence and violent crime, 6(2) Peace Review, p. 171-175.

·         Kramer, R. C., R.J. Michalowski and D. Kauzlarich. (2002). The Origins and Development of the Concept and Theory of State Corporate Crime, 48(2) Crime and Delinquency, p. 263-282.

·         Kramer, R.C. and R. Michalowski (Eds.) (2005). State-corporate crime: wrongdoing at the intersection of business and government, Pisacway: Rutgers University Press.

·         Kramer, R. C. and R. J. Michalowski (2005). War, Aggression and State Crime, 45 British Journal of Criminology, p. 446-469.

·         Matthews, R.A. & D. Kauzlarich (2007). State crimes and state harms: a tale of two definitional frameworks, Crime, Law and Social Change, 48(1-2): 43-55.

·         McCulloch, J. And S. Pickering (2005). Suppressing the financing of terrorism – proliferating state crime, eroding censure and extending neo-colonialism, 45 British Journal of Criminology, p. 470-486.

·         Mullins, C., D. Kauzlarich, D. Rothe (2004). The International Criminal court and the control of state crime: problems and prospects, 12 Critical Criminology: an international journal, p. 285-308.

·         Perdue, W. D. (1989). Terrorism and the state: A critique of domination through fear. Westport, CT: Praeger.

·         Pickering, S. (2005). Crimes of state: the prosecution and protection of refugees, 13 Critical Criminology, p. 141-163.

·         Roberts, , P. and N. McMillan. (2003). For Criminology in International Criminal Justice, Journal of International Criminal Justice, p. 315.

·         Ross, J. I. (1995). Controlling State Crime, NY: Garland Publishing.

·         Ross, J. I. (1998). Situating the Academic Study of Controlling State Crime, 29 Crime, Law and Social Change, p. 331-340.

·         Ross, J. I., G. Barak, J. Ferrel, D. Kauzlarich, M. Hamm, D. Friedrichs, R. Matthews, S. Pickering, M. Presdee, P. Kraska, and V. Kappeler. (1999). The State of State Crime Research: A Commentary, 23 Humanity and Society, p. 273-281.

·         Ross, J. I. (2000). Varieties of State Crime and its Control, Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press.

·         Ross, J.I. & D.L. Rothe (2008). Ironies of controlling state crime International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice 35, 196-210.

·         Rothe, D., C.W. Mullins and S. Muzzatti (2006). Crime on the High seas: crimes of globalization and the sinking of the Senegalese ferry Le Joola, 14 Critical Criminology 2, p. 159-180

·         Rummel, R.J. (1994). Death By Government. London: Transaction.

·         Schwendinger, H. and J. Schwendinger. (1970). Defenders of Order or Guardians of Human Rights, 7 Issues in Criminology, p. 72-81.

·         Sluka, J.A. (Ed.) (2000). Death Squad: The Anthropology of State Terror, Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

·         Tunnell, K. D. (1993). Political crime and pedagogy: A content analysis of criminology and criminal justice texts, 4(1) Journal Of Criminal Justice Education, p. 101-114.

·         Tunnell, K. D. (1993). Political crime in contemporary America: A critical approach. New York: Garland Publishing.

·         Ward, T. (2005). State crime in the heart of darkness, 45 British Journal of Criminology, p. 434-445.

·         Welch. M. (2006). Scapegoats of September 11th: Hate Crimes and State Crimes in the War on Terror, New Brunswick, New Jersey & London: Rutgers University Press.

·         White, R. (2008). Depleted uranium, state crime and the politics of knowing. Theoretical Criminology;12 (1), 31-54.

·         Whyte, D. (ed.). (2008). Crimes of the Powerful. Berkshire: Open University Press.  

 

State terrorism

·         Arendt, H. (1986). The origins of totalitarianism, London: Deutsch.

·         Akroyd, C. et al. (1980). The technology of political control, London: Pluto Press.

·         Hawk, D., Tuol Sleng extermination centre Cambodia - from the S21 Interrogator's manual, Index on Censorship,  p. 27.

·         Hayner, P.B. (2001). Unspeakable Truths: Confronting State Terror and Atrocity, New York: Routledge.

·         Hoefnagels, M. (1977). Repression and Repressive Violence, Amsterdam: Swets & Zeitlinger.

·         Ochiogrosso, P.F. (1989). The Shin Beth Affair: national security versus the rule of law in the state of Israël, Loy. L.A. Int'l&comp. L.J., p. 67-77 and 106-112.

·         Padilla, A. and L. Comas-Diaz. (1986). A state of fear, Psychology Today, p. 60-65.

·         Riquelme, H. (Ed.) (1994). Era in Twilight: Psychocultural Situation Under State Terrorism in Latin America, Bilbao: Instituto Horizonte S.L.

·         Stohl, M. and G.A. Lopez (Eds.) (1984). The state as terrorist: the dynamics of governmental violence and repression, London: Aldwych.

·         Stohl, M. and G.A. Lopez (Eds.) (1986). Government violence and repression – an agenda for research, New York: Green wood Press.

 

Terrorism

·         Aydinli, E. (2008). Before Jihadists There Were Anarchists: A Failed Case of Transnational Violence Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 31(10), 903-923.

·         Bloom, M. (2005). Dying to kill – the allure of suicide terror, New York: Columbia University Press.

·         Clarke, R.V. and G.R. Newman (2006). Outsmarting the terrorist, Oxford: Greenwood.

·         Collins, E. (1997). Killing Rage, London: Granta Books.

·         Crenshaw, M. (Ed.) (1995). Terrorism in context, Pennsylvania: the Pennsylvania state University Press.

·         Davis, J.M. (2003). Martyrs – innocence, vengeance, and despair in the Middle East, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

·         Davis, J. (2007). Africa and the war on terrorism, Washington: Howard University Press.

·         Ewald, U. and K. Turkovic (eds.) (2006) Large-Scale Victimization as a Potential Source of Terrorist Activities. Importance of Regaining Security in Post-Conflict Societies, 217-241, NATO Security through Science Series, vol. 13. Amsterdam: IOS Press.

·         Freeman, M. (2008). Democracy, Al Qaeda, and the Causes of Terrorism: A Strategic Analysis of U.S. Policy Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 31(1): 40 – 59.

·         Gambetta, D. (Ed.). (2005). Making sense of suicide missions, Oxford: University Press.

·         Ganor, B. (2008). Terrorist Organization Typologies and the Probability of a Boomerang Effect Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 31(4): 269 – 283.

·         Goede, M., de (2008). The Politics of Preemption and the War on Terror in Europe, European Journal of International Relations 14(1), 161-185.

·         Gupta, D.K. (2008).  Understanding Terrorism and Political Violence, The Life Cycle of Birth, Growth, Transformation, and Demise New York: Routledge.

·         Heere, W.P. (Ed.) (2003). Terrorism and the military, international legal implications, The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press.

·         Hoffman, B. (2006). Inside terrorism, New York: Columbia University Press.

·         Horgan, J. (2005). The psychology of terrorism, London: Routledge.

·         Katz, R. (2003). Terrorist hunter, New York: Ecco cop.

·         Khosrokhavar, F. (2005). Suicide bombers – Allah’s new martyrs, London: Pluto Press.

·         Kushner. H.W. (2003). Encyclopedia of terrorism, Thousand Oaks: Sage.

·         Lacqueur, W. (2004). Voices of Terror – manifestos, writings and manuals of Al Qaeda, Hamas, and other terrorists from around the

world and throughout the ages, New York: Reed Press.

·         MacDonald, E. (1991). Shoot the women first, London: Fourth Estate Limited.

·         Martin, G. (2003). Understanding terrorism – challenges, perspectivesm, and issues, Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

·         Moghaddan, F.M. (2005). The staircase to terrorism – a psychological exploration, 60 American psychologists, p. 161-169.

·         Moghaddan, F.M. & A.J. Marsella (Eds.) (2004). Understanding terrorism: psychosocial roots, causes, and consequences, Washington

D.C.: American psychologist Association.

·         Moran, J. (2005). State power in the war on terror: A comparative analysis of the UK and USA, Crime, Law and Social Change, 44 (4-5).

·         Mythen, G. and S. Walklate (2006) Criminology and Terrorism: Which Thesis? Risk Society or Governmentality? 46 British Journal of

Criminology, p. 379-398.

·         Naylor, R.T. (2006). Ghosts of terror wars past? 45 Crime, law and social change, p. 93-109.

·         Onuf, N. (2009). Making Terror/ism International Relations 23(1): 53-60.

·         Pape, R.A. (2005). Dying to win: the strategic logic of suicide terrorism, New York: Random House.

·         Reich, W. (1990). Origins of Terrorism – Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, Sates of Mind, Washington: Woodrow Wilson

International Center for Scholars.

·         Rapoport, D.C (Ed.) (1988). Inside Terrorist Organizations, London: Frank Cass and Company Limited.

·         Richardson, L. (2006). What terrorists want – understanding the enemy, containing the threat, New York: Random House.

·         Ryan, J. (2007). The Four P-Words of Militant Islamist Radicalization and Recruitment: Persecution, Precedent, Piety, and Perseverance, Studies in   Conflict & Terrorism, 30(11): 985-1011.

·         Sageman, M. (2004).Understanding terror networks, Pennsylvannia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

·         Sageman, M. (2008). Leaderless Jihad: Terror Networks in the Twenty-First Century. Pennsylvania: Penn Press.

·         Schmid, A.P. (ed.) (2011). The Routledge handbook of terrorism, Abingdon: Routledge.

·         Schmid, A.P. and A.J. Jongman (1988). Political terrorism: a new guide to actors, authors, concepts, databases, theories and literature,

rev. and exp. Ed., New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

·         Sjoberg, L. & C. E. Gentry (2008). Reduced to Bad Sex: Narratives of Violent Women from the Bible to the War on Terror, International Relations 22(1), 5-23.

·         Stern, J. (2003). Terror in the Name of God, New York: Harper Collins Publishers.

·         Wight, C. (2009). Theorising Terrorism: The State, Structure and History International Relations 23(1): 99-106.

·         White, J.R. (2003). Terrorism – 2002 update, 4th ed., Belmont: Thomson/Wadsworth.

·         Whittaker, D.J.  (Ed.) (2003). The terrorism reader, 2nd Ed., London: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

·         Wolfe, W.M. (2008). Winning the War of Words: Selling the War on Terror from Afghanistan to Iraq New York: Praeger.

 

Torture

·         Aceves, W.J. (2006). The Anatomy of Torture: A Documentary History of Filartiga V. Pena-Irala. Ardsley: Transnational Publishers.

·         Amnesty International (1977). Torture in Greece: The first torturers trial 1975, London: Amnesty International Publications.

·         Beccaria, C. (1983). An essay on crimes and punishments, Brookline Village: Branden Press (transl. from Italian, orig. publ. 1775)

·         Cohen, S. and D. Golan (1991). The interrogation of Palestinians during the Intifada: ill-treatment, ‘moderate physical pressure’  or torture? Jerusalem: Israeli information center for human rights in the occupied territories.

·         Conroy, J. (2000). Unspeakable Acts, Ordinary People – The dynamics of torture, New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

·         Crelinsten, R.D and A.P. Schmid (Ed.) (1993). The Politics of Pain – Torturers and their Masters, Leiden: Centrum voor Onderzoek van Maastschappelijke Tegenstellingen.

·         Crelinsten, R.D. (2003). The world of torture: a constructed reality, 7(3) Theoretical Criminology, p. 293- 318.

·         Danner, M. (2004). Torture and truth – America, Abu Ghraib and the war on terror, New York: New York Review Books.

·         Dubois, P. (1991). Torture and truth, New York: Routledge.

·         Feitlowitz, M. (1998). A lexicon of terror – Argentina and the legacies of torture, New York: Oxford University Press.

·         Gibson, J.T. and M. Haritos-Fatouras. (1986). The education of a torturer, Psychology Today November, p. 50-58.

·         Greenberg, K.J. (2006). The torture debate in America, Cambridge: University Press.

·         Greenberg, K.J. and J.L. Dratel (Eds.) (2005). The torture papers – the road to Abu Ghraib, Cambridge University Press.

·         Harbury, J.K. (2005). Truth, torture and the American way – the history and consequences of U.S. involvement in torture, Boston: Beacon Press.

·         Haritos-Fatouras, M. (2003). The psychological origins of institutionalized torture, London: Routledge.

·         Hawk, D., Tuol Sleng extermination centre Cambodia - from the S21 Interrogator's manual, Index on Censorship,  p. 27.

·         Huggins, M.K. (2004). Torture 101: wat sociology can teach us, 45(6) Anthropology News, p. 12-13.

·         Kassimeris, G. (2006). Warrior’s dishonour – barbarity, morality and torture in modern warfare, Aldershot: Ashgate.

·         Kelman, H.C. (1993). The social context of torture: policy process and authority structure, in: R.D. Crelinsten and A.P. Schmid (Eds.). The politics of pain: Torturers and their masters, Leinden: COMT.

·         Kelman, H.C. (2005). The policy context of torture: a social-psychological analysis, 87 International Review of the Red Cross, p. 123-134.

·         Langbein, J.H. (1977). Torture and the law of proof, Chicago: University of Chicago Press

·         Levinson, S. (Ed.) (2004). Torture: A Collection, New York: Oxford University Press.

·         Peters, E. (1996). Torture. Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press.

·         Rejali, D. (1994). Torture & Modernity – Self, Society, and State in Modern Iran, Boulder: Westview Press Inc.

·         Rejali, D. (2007). Torture and democracy, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

·         Ruthven, L.  (1978)  Torture – the grand conspiracy , London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson.

·         Sanders, J., M. Wagner Schuman & A.M. Marbella (2009). The epidemiology of torture: A case series of 58 survivors of torture Forensic Science International 189(1-3).

·         Scarry, E. (1985). The body in pain: the making and unmaking of the world, New York: Oxford University Press.

·         Schulz, W.F. (2007).  The Phenomenon of Torture: readings and Commentary, Pensylvenia: Penn Press.

·         Scott, G.R. (1966). The History of Corporal Punishment, London: Senate.

·         Scott, G.R. (1995). A History of Torture, London: Senate.

·         Suedfeld, P. (1990). Psychology and Torture, New York: Hemisphere Publishing Corporation.

·         Swain, J. (1965). A history of torture, London: Tandem Books.

·         Torture in Brazil – a shocking report on the pervasive use of torture by military governments 1964-1979 – secretly prepared by the Archdiocese of Sao Paulo, Austin: University of Texas Press 1998. (org: Brasil: Nunca Mais)

·         Vidal-Naqué, F. (1963). Torture: Cancer of Democracy, Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.

·         Welch, M. (2009). American ‘pain-ology’ in the war on terror: a critique of ‘scientific’torture, Theoretical Criminology 13(4), 451-474.

 

War

·         Barkawi, T. (2005). Globalization and War, Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.

·         Baum, M.A. & T.J. Groenling (2010). War stories – the causes and consequences of public views of war, Princeton University Press.

·         Black, J. (2004). War and the New Disorder in the 21st Century, New York: Continuum.

·         Derouen, K. R & J. Bercovitch (2008). Enduring Internal Rivalries: A New Framework for the Study of Civil War Journal of Peace Research 45(1): 55-74.

·         Diehl, P.E. (Ed.) (2005). War, London: Sage.

·         Dinstein, Y. (2005). War, Aggression and Self-Defense (4th Ed), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Durham, H. and T. Gurd (Eds.) (2005). Listening to the silences: women and war, Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff.

·         Dyer, G. (1985). War, London: The Bodley Head.

·         Fjelde, H. (2009). Buying Peace? Oil Wealth, Corruption and Civil War, 1985-99 Journal of Peace Research 46: 199-218.

·         Gray, Chr. (2004). International law and the use of force – updated 2nd ed., Oxford: University Press.

·         Gray, G. (1998). The Warriors, Reflections on Men in Battle, London: Bison Books.

·         Gurr, T.R. (1968) A causal model of civil strife: a comparative analysis using new indices, 62 The American Political Science Review, p. 1104-1124.

·         Gurr, T.R. (1970) Why men rebel, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

·         Herreros, F. & H. Criado (2009). Pre-emptive or Arbitrary: Two Forms of Lethal Violence in a Civil War Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(3): 419-445.

·         Holmes, R. (1985). Act of War – The Behaviour of Men in Battle, London: Cassel Military Paperbacks.

·         Holmes, R. (2006). Dusty Warriors, London: HarperPress.

·         Justino, P. (2009). Poverty and Violent Conflict: A Micro-Level Perspective on the Causes and Duration of Warfare Journal of Peace Research 46: 315-333.

·         Kaldor, M. (2006). New and old wars – organized violence, Cambridge: Polity.

·         Keegan, J. (1983). The Face of Battle: A Study of Agincourt, Waterloo, and the Somme, London: Penguin.

·         Licklider, R. (1995). The consequences of negotiated settlements ion civil wars 1945-1993, 89 American Political Science Review, p. 681-690.

·         MacManners, H. (1993). The scars of war, London: HarperCollins Publishers.

·         Malešević , S. (2008). The Sociology of New Wars? Assessing the Causes and Objectives of Contemporary Violent Conflicts International Political Sociology 2(2), 97-112.

·         McDougall, A. (2009). State Power and Its Implications for Civil War Colombia Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 32(4): 322-345.

·         Munoz-Rojas, D. and J.-J. Fresard (2004). The roots of behaviour in war: understanding and preventing IHL violations, 86 IRRC Nr. 853, p. 189-205.

·         Murray, W. (2008). War and the West, Orbis, 52(2).

·         Neff, S.C. (2005). War and the law of nations – a general history, Cambridge: University Press.

·         Nichols, M.T. (2008). Eve of Destruction: The Coming Age of Preventive War. Pennsylvania: Penn Press.

·         Ohlson, T. (2008). Understanding Causes of War and Peace, European Journal of International Relations, 14(1): 133-160.

·         Palmer, L. (1987). Sharpnel in the heart – Letters and Remembrances from the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, New York: Random House Inc.

·         Ramsay, K.W. (2008).  Settling It on the Field Battlefield Events and War Termination Journal of Conflict Resolution 52(6), 850-879.

·         Reed, D.J. (2008). Beyond the War on Terror: Into the Fifth Generation of War and Conflict Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 31(8), 684-722.

·         Ruggiero, V. (2007). War, crime, empire and cosmopolitanism, Critical Criminology, 15(3): 211-221.

·         Senese, P.D. & J.A. Vasquez (2008). The Steps to War - An Empirical Study Princeton: Princeton University Press.

·         Shaw, M. (2007). The general hybridity of war and genocide, Journal of Genocide Research, 9(3): 461-473.

·         Shepard, B. (2001). A War of Nerves – Soldiers and Psychiatrists in the Twentieth Century, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

·         Smith, M.L.R. & S. Roberts (2008). War in the Gray: Exploring the Concept of Dirty War Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 31(5): 377 – 398.

·         Themnér, L. & P. Wallensteen (2013), Armed Conflicts, 1946-2012, Journal of Peace Research 50(4):509-521.

·         Tyner, J. (2009). War, Violence, and Population. New York: Guilford Press.

·         Verwimp, P., P. Justino & T. Brück (2009). The Analysis of Conflict: A Micro-Level Perspective Journal of Peace Research 46: 307-314.

·         Waltz, K.N. (1954). Man, the state and war – a theoretical analysis, New York: Columbia University Press.

 

 

War crimes

·         Gutman, R., D. Rieff & A. Dworkin (2007). Crimes of war - 2nd Edition, New York: Norton & Company.

·         Jokic, A. (2001). War Crimes and Collective Wrongdoings, Blackwell Publidshing Ltd.

·         Kassimeris, G. (2006). Warrior’s dishonour – barbarity, morality and torture in modern warfare, Aldershot: Ashgate.

·         May, L. (2007). War Crimes and Just War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Simpson, G.J. (2007). Law, War & Crime: War Crimes, Trials and the Reinvention of International Law. Cambridge: Polity.

·         Solis, G.D. (1997). Son Thang – An American War Crime, New York: Bantam Books.

 

Women and War

·         Coulter, C. (2009). Bush wives and girl soldiers – women’s lives through war and peace in Sierra Leone, Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.

·         Durham, H. & T. Gurd (Ed.) (2001). Listening to the silences: women and war, Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. 

·         Homstedt, K. (2007). Band of sisters – American women at war in Iraq, Stackpole Books.

·         Jones, A. (2009). Gender inclusive – essays on violence, men and feminist international relations, London & New York: Routledge.

·         Wise, J.E. and S. Baron (2006). Women at war – Iraq, Afhanistan, and other countries, Annapolis: Naval Institute Press.

 

 

CRIMINOLOGY OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMES (INTERNATIONAL CRIMINOLOGY / SUPRANATIONAL CRIMINOLOGY)

·         Alvarez, A. (1997). Adjusting to Genocide, The techniques of Neutralization and the Holocaust, Social Science History 21(2), 139-178.

·         Alvarez, A. (2010). Genocidal crimes – key ideas in criminology series, London & Newy York: Routledge.

·         Aviram, H. (2009). Mass atrocity and criminology, Theoretical Criminology 13(4), 487-493.

·         Barak, G. (1990). Criminology and Human Rights: Towards an Understanding of State Criminality, 2(1) The Journal of Human Justice, 31-45.

·         Barak, G. (1991). Toward a Criminology of State Criminality, in: G. Barak (ed.). Crimes by the Capitalist State: An Introduction to State Criminality, Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 3-16.

·         Barak, G. (Ed.) (2000). Crime and Crime Control: A Global View, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

·         Barak, G. (2005). A reciprocal approach to peacemaking criminology: between adversarialism and mutualism, 9 Theoretical Criminology 2, 132-151.

·         Bijleveld, C. (2005). They want the land without the people, Newsletter of the European Society of Criminoloy, February 2005.

·         Beirne, P. and J. Messerschmidt. (2000). Chapter 14 - Political Crimes, in: Beirne, P. and J. Messerschmidt, Criminology, 3rd Edition, Boulder: Westbview Press.

·         Brannigan, A. (2013). Beyond the banality of evil – criminology and genocide, Oxford University Press.

·         Cohen, S. (1993). Human rights and crimes of the state: the culture of denial, 26 Aust & NZ Journal of criminology, p. 97-115

·         Cunneen, Chr. (1999). Criminology, genocide and the forced removal of indigenous children from their families, 32 Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 124-138.

·         Day, E. and M. Vandiver. (2000). Criminology and genocide studies: notes on what might have been what still could be, 34 Crime, Law & Social Change, 43

·         Downes, D., P. Rock, C. Chinkin & C. Gearty (2008).  Crime Social Crime, Social Control and Human Rights - From moral panics to states of denial, Essays in honour of Stanley Cohen. Devon: Willan Publishing.

·         Drumbl, M. (2003-2004). Toward a criminology of international crime, 19 Ohio St.J. On Disp. Resol., p. 263-282.

·         Friedrichs, D. O. (2000). The Crime of the Century? The Case fort he Holocaust, 34 Crime Law and Social Change, 21-41.

·         Friedrichs, D. and D. Rothe. (2006). The State of the Criminology of Crimes of the State, Social Justice 33 (1), p. 147-161.

·         Green, P.J. and T. Ward. (2000).  State crime, human rights and the limits of criminology, Social Justice: a journal of crime, conflict and world order 27, 101-115.

·         Hagan, J., W. Rymond-Richmond and P. Parker (2005). The Criminology of genocide: the death and rape of Darfur, Criminology 43, 525-561.

·         Hagan, J. & W. Rymond-Richmond (2009). Criminology confronts genocide: whose side are you on? Theoretical Criminology 13(4), 503-511.

·         Hagan, J., H. Schoenfeld and A. Palloni (2006). The science of human rights, war crimes and humanitarian emergencies, 32 Annual Review of Sociology 22, p. 329-350.

·         Haveman, R. & A. Smeulers (2008). Criminology in a state of denial: towards a criminology of international crimes, in: A. Smeulers & R. Haveman (Eds.). Supranational Criminology – towards a criminology of international crimes, Antwerp: Intersentia.

·         Hoffman, B. (2009). Mobilizing criminology – the boundaries of criminological science and the politics of genocide, Theoretical Criminology 13(4), 481-485.

·         Hogg, R. (2002). Criminology beyond the nation state: global conflicts, human rights and the new world disorder, in: K. Carrington and R. Hogg, Critical Criminology: issues, debates, challenges, Cullompton: Willan.

·         Kauzlarich, D. (1995). A Criminology of the Nuclear State, 19 Humanity and Society,, p. 37-57.

·         Kauzlarich, D., R.A. Matthews, W.J. Miller. (2001). Toward a victimology of state crime, 10 Critical Criminology, p. 173-194.

·         Laufer, W.S. (1999). The forgotten criminology of genocide, in: W.S. Laufer and F. Adler, The criminology of criminal law, London: Transaction Publishers.

·         Liwerant, O.S. (2007). Mass Murder, Discussing Criminological Perspectives, Journal of international criminal justice, 5(4): 917-939.

·         Maier-Katkin, D., D.P. Mears & T.J. Bernard (2009). Towards a criminology of crimes against humanity Theoretical Criminology 13(2): 227-255.

·         Matsueda, R.L (2009). Toward a new criminology of genocide: theory, method, and politics, Theoretical Criminology 13(4), 495-502.

·         Morrison, W. (2005). Criminology, Civilization, and The New World Order, London: Cavendish Publishing.

·         Roberts, P. and N. McMillan. (2003). For criminology in international justice,  1 Journal of international criminal justice, p. 315-338.

·         Ruggiero, V. (2005) Brigate Rosse: Political violence, criminology and social movement theory, 43 Crime, law and social change, p. 289-307.

·         Savelsberg, J.J. (2010). Crime and Human Rights, Sage.

·         Savelsberg, J.J. (2009). Genocide, criminology and Darfur, Theoretical Criminology 13(4), 477-480.

·         Schmid, A.P. (1989). Research on gross human rights violations – a programme, Leiden: COMT.

·         Smeulers, A. (Ed.) (2010). Collective violence and international criminal justice – an interdisciplinary approach, Antwerp: Intersentia.

·         Smeulers, A. & F. Grünfeld (2011). International Crimes and other Gross Human Rights Violations – a multi- and interdisciplinary textbook, Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff.

·         Smeulers, A. & R. Haveman (Eds.) (2008). Supranational criminology: Towards a criminology of international crimes, Antwerp: Intersentia.

·         Woolford, A. (2006). Making genocide unthinkable: three guidelines for a critical criminology. 14 Critical Criminology, p. 87-106.

·         Yacoubian, G.S. (1997).Underestimating the magnitude of international crimes: implications of genocidal behavior for the discipline of criminology, 1 Injustice studies, p. 1.

·         Yacoubain, G.S. (2000). The (in)significance of genocide behavior to the discipline of criminology, 34 Crime, Law & Social Change, p. 7

·         Yacoubain, G.S. (2003). Evaluating the efficacy of the international criminal tribunals for Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia: implications for criminology and international criminal law, 165 World Affairs, p. 3.

·         Yacoubian, G.S. (2006). Genocide, Terrorism, and the Conceptualization of Catastrophic Criminology, War Crimes, Genocide, and Crimes Against Humanity, 2:65-85.

 

 

FACTS AND FIGURES

 

Gross human rights violations

·         Amnesty International, Amnesty International yearbook, London: Amnesty International publications (annually).

·         Asher, J., D. Banks and F.J. Scheuren (Eds.) (2008). Statistical methods for human rights, New York: Springer.

·         Banks, D.L. (1986). The analysis of human rights data over time, Human Rights Quarterly, p. 654-680.

·         Brunborg, H., E. Tabeau and H. Urdal (Eds.). The demography of armed conflict, New York: Springer.

·         Coghlan, B. a.o. (2006). Mortality in the Democratic republic of Congo: a nationwide survey, The Lancet, p.44-51.

·         Claude, R.P. and T.B. Jabine (1992). Human Rights and Statistics: getting the record straight, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

·         Donnelly, J. and R. E. Howard (1988). Assessing national human rights performance: a theoretical framework, 10 Human Rights Quarterly, p. 214-248.

·         Gleditsch, K.S., N.W. Metternich & A. Ruggeri (2013). Data and progress in peace research, Journal of Peace Research 51(2), 301-314.

·         Goldstein, R.J. (1986). The limitations of using quantitative data studying human rights abuses, Human Rights Quarterly, p. 607-

·         Gupta, D.K., A.J. Jongman and A.P. Schmid (1994). Creating a composite index for assessing country performance in the field of human rights: proposal for a new methodology, 16 Human Rights Quarterly, p.131-162.

·         Harbom, L & Wallensteen, P. (2007). Armed Conflict, 1989—2006, Journal of Peace Research, 44(5): 623-634.

·         Innes de Neufville, J. (1986). Human rights reporting as a policy tool: an examination of the state department country reports, Human Rights Quarterly, p. 681-699.

·         Palmer, G. (ed.) (2008). Causes and Consequences of International Conflict- Data, Methods and Theory New York: Routledge.

·         PIOOM. (2000). World Conflict and Human Rights Map 2000, Leiden.

·         Poe, S.C., S.C. Carey, T.C. Vazquez (2001). How are these pictures different? A quantitative comparison of the US state Department and Amnesty International Human Rights Reports 1976-1995, 23 Human Rights Quarterly, p. 650-677.

·         Reiter, R.B., M.V. Zunzunegui and J. Quiroga (1986). Guidelines for field reporting of basic human rights violations, Human Rights Quarterly, p. 628-653.

·         Rummel, R.J. (1997). Statistics of Democide, Charlottesville: Center for National Security Law.

·         Rummel, R.J. (1995). Democracy, power, genocide and mass murder, 39 Journal of Conflict Resolution, p.3-26.

·         Schmid, A.P. and A.J. Jongman. (1992). Monitoring human rights violations, Leiden: COMT.

·         Stohl, M., D. Carleton, G. Lopez and S. Samuels (1986). State violation of human rights: issues and problems of measurement, Human Rights Quarterly, p. 592-606.

·         United States  Holocaust Memorial Museum. (1996). Historical Atlas of the Holocaust, New York: MacMillan.

 

Victims

·         Hagan, J., W. Rymond-Richmond and P. Parker. (2005). The Criminology of Genocide: the Death and Rape of Darfur, 43:3 Criminology, p. 525-562.

·         Harff, B. and T. Gurr. (1996). Victims of the state: genocides, politicides and group repression from 1945 to 1995, in: A.J. Jongman (Ed.) Contemporary genocides: causes, cases, consequences, Leiden: PIOOM, p. 33-58.

·         Leitenberg, M. (2006). Deaths in wars and conflicts in the 20th Century, PSP-Occasional papers, peace studies program, Cornell University.

               

               

 FICTION

 

·         Conrad, J. (2000). Heart of Darkness, Penguin:London (first published 1917)

·         Golding, W. (1954). Lord of the Flies, London: faber and faber.

·         Huxley, A. (1932). Brave New World, London: Chatto & Windus.

·         Orwell, G. (1945). Animal Farm, London: Secker & Warburg.

·         Orwell, G. (1949). Nineteen eighty-four, London: Secker & Warburg.

 

 

HANDBOOKS, TEXTBOOKS AND CLASSICS

 

Criminology

·         Anthony, T. & C. Cunneen (ed.) (2008). The Critical Criminology Companion. Devon: Willan Publishing.

·         Barak, G. (Ed.) (2000). Crime and Crime Control: A Global View, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

·         Beirne, P. and J. Messerschmidt. (2000). Criminology, 3rd Edition, Boulder: Westbview Press.

·         Braithwaite, J. (1989). Crime, shame and reintegration, Cambridge: University Press.

·         Carrington, K. and R. Hogg. (2002). Critical Criminology: issues, debates, challenges, Cullompton: Willan.

·         Einstadter, W., (1995). Criminological Theory – An analysis of its underlying assumptions, Florida: Harcourt Brace & Company.

·         Garland, D. and R. Sparks (Eds.) (2000). Criminology and Social Theory, New York: Oxford University Press.

·         Lanier, M.M. and S. Henry  (2004). Essential Criminology, Boulder: Westview Press.

·         Lilly, J.R., F.T. Cullen, R.A. Ball. (2002). Criminological theory: context and consequences, 3rd ed., Thousand Oaks: Sage.

·         Maguire, M., R. Morgan, R. Reiner. (2003). The Oxford handbook of criminology, Oxford: Oxford University Press 3rd ed.

·         McLaughlin, E., J. Muncie and G. Hughes. (2003). Criminological Perspectives, Essential Readings, 2nd Ed., London: Sage Publications.

·         Morrison, W. (1995). Theoretical criminology: from modernity to postmodernity, London: Cavendish Publishing.

·         Morrison, W. (2005). Criminology, Civilization, and The New World Order, London: Cavendish Publishing.

·         Muncie, J. (2005). Criminology, three volumes, Thousand Oaks: Sage.

·         Muncie, J. (1996). E. McLaughlin and M. Langan, Criminological Perspectives: A Reader, London: Cavendish Publishing.

·         Muncie, J. and D. Wilson. (2004). The Cavendish Handbook of Criminology and Criminal Justice, London: Cavendish Publishing.

·         Sumner, C. (Ed) (2004). The Blackwell  Companion to Criminology, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

·         Sutherland, E. (1949). White collar crime, New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.

·         Sykes, G. M. and F.T. Cullen. (1992). Criminology (2nd ed.). Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

·         Vold, G.B., T.J. Bernard, J.B. Snipes. (2002). Theoretical criminology, 5th ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

·         Williams, K. S. (2004). Textbook on Criminology, Oxford: University Press.

·         Williams, F. and M. McShane. (1993). Criminological Theory: Selected Classical Readings, Cincinnati: Anderson.

 

Human Rights

·         Alston, P. and H. Steiner (2007). International Human Rights in Context, 3rd Ed., Oxford: University Press.

·         Burgers, J.H. and H. Danelius (1988). The United Nations Convention Against Torture: A Handbook on the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

·         Carey, S.C. & M.G. Gibney, S.C. Poe (2010). The politics of human rights, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Cassese, A. (Ed.) (1991). The International Fight Against Torture: La lutte internationale contre la torture, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft.

·         Goodhart, M. (ed.) (2009). Human Rights: Politics and Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Laquer, W. & B. Rubin (1979/1989). The Human Rights Reader, New York: Meridian.

·         Meron, T. (2006). The Humanization of International Law, Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff, 2006.

·         Noergaard, C.A. (1962). The Position of the Individual in International Law, Copenhague: Munksgaard.

·         Nowak, M and E. McArthur (2008). The United Nations Convention against Torture: a commentary, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Rodley, N. (1999). The treatment of prisoners under international law, second edition, Oxford: Clarendon.

·         Seiderman, I.D. (1962). Hierarchy in International Law: The Human Rights Dimension, Antwerp: Intersentia-Hart.

·         Tomuschat, C. (2003). Human Rights - Between Idealism and Realism, Oxford: University Press.

 

Humanitarian law

·         Clapham, A. & P. Gaeta (2014). The Oxford Handbook of international law in armed conflict, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Dinstein, Y. (2004). The conduct of hostilities under the law of international armed conflict, Cambridge: University Press.

·         Fleck, D., (Ed.) (2009). The handbook of humanitarian law in armed conflict, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Friedman, L. (1972). The law of war. A documentary history, New York.

·         Gardam, J. (Ed.) (1999). Humanitarian Law, Aldershot: Ashgate.

·         Gray, Chr. (2004). International law and the use of force, Oxford: University Press.

·         Green, L.C. (2000). The contemporary law of armed conflict, Manchester: University Press.

·         Henckaerts, J.M. (2005). Customary International Humanitarian Law, Cambridge: University Press.

·         Hensel, H.M. (2007). The Law of Armed Conflict. Aldershot: Ashgate.

·         Kalshoven, F. and L. Zegveld. (2001). Constraints on the Waging of War- an introduction to international humanitarian law, 3rd Ed., Geneva: International Committee of the Red Cross.

·         McCormack (2007). Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, The Hague: TMC Asser Press.

 

International Criminal Law

·         Ambos, K. (2013). Treatise on international criminal law, vol I: foundations and general part, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Ambos, K. (2014). Treatise on international criminal law, volII: the crimes and sentencing, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Bassiouni, M. Ch. (1999). International criminal law, vol. I-III, Ardsley: Transnational Publishers Inc.

·         Boas, G., J.L. Bischoff & N.L. Reid (2007). International criminal law practitioner library – volume 1 : forms and responsibility in international criminal law, Camridge University Press.

·         Boas, G., J.L. Bischoff & N.L. Reid (2008). International criminal law practitioner library – volume 2: elements of crimes under international law, Cambridge University Press.

·         Cassese, A. (2008). International criminal law, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Cassese, A. (Ed.) (2009). The Oxford companion to international criminal justice, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Cassese, A., G. Acquiviva, M. Fan & A. Whiting (2011). International Criminal Law – cases and commentary, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Cryer, R., H, Friman, D. Robinson & E. Wilmhurst (2010). An introduction to international criminal law and procedure, 2nd ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

·         Haveman, R., O. Kavran, J. Nicholls (Eds.) (2003). Supranational criminal law – a system sui generis, Antwerp: Intersentia.

·         Kittichaisaree, K. (2001). International Criminal Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

·         Paust, J.J. a.o. (1996). International Criminal law - cases and materials, Durham: Carolina Academic Press.

·         Sadat, L.N. & M. P. Scharf (2008). The Theory and Practice of International Criminal Law, Essays in honour of M. Cherif Bassiouni Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers/Brill.

·         Schabas, W.A. & N. Bernaz (2011). Routledge Handbook of International Criminal Law, London & New York: Routledge.

·         Stahn, C. & L. van den Herik (Eds.) (2009). Future persepctives on international criminal justice, TMC Asser Institute: Cambridge University Press.

·         Swart, B. and A. Klip. (1997). International criminal law in the Netherlands, Freiburg im Breisgau: Max Planck Institute.

·         Than, C. de and E. Shorts. (2003). International criminal law and human rights, London: Sweet & Maxwell.

·         Vermeulen, G.  (2008) Essential Texts on International and European Criminal Law. Antwerp: Maklu.

·         Werle, G. (2005). Principles of International Criminal Law, The Hague: TMC Asser Press.

·         Wyngaert, C. van den & S. Dewulf (Eds.). International Criminal Law – a collection of international and regional instruments, Fourth ed., Leiden & Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

 

International Crimes

·         Smeulers, A. & F. Grünfeld (2011). International Crimes and other Gross Human Rights Violations – a multi- and interdisciplinary textbook, Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

 

International law

·         Simma, B. (Ed.) (2002). The Charter of the United Nations – a commentary, Oxford: University Press

 

Political science and International relations

·         Gurr, T.R. (1970). Why men rebel, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

·         Jeong, Ho-Wong (2000). Peace and Conflict Studies, an introduction, Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.

·         Holsti, K.J. (1995). International politics – a framework for analysis, Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

·         Huntington, S.P. (1968). Political order in changing societies, New Haven: Yale University Press.

·         Kaldor, M & I. Rangelov (eds.) (2014). Handbook of global security policy, Wiley-Blackwell.

·         Miall, H., O. Ramsbotham and T. Woodhouse (2005). Contemporary Conflict resolution – the prevention, management and transformation of deadly conflict, 2nd revised and expanded e., Cambridge: Polity Press.

·         Nye, J.S. jr. (2000). Understanding international conflicts – an introduction to theory and history, 3rd edition, New York: Longman.

·         Waltz, K.N. (1954). Man, the State and War – a theoretical analysis, New York: Columbia University Press.

 

Psychology

·         Carlson, N.R., C.D. Heth, H. Miller, J.W. Donahoe, W. Buskist (2007). Psychology – the science of behaviour, Boston: Pearson.

·         Gray, P. (2002). Psychology, 4th Ed. New York: Woth Publishers.

 

Research methodology

·         Asher, J., Banks, D. & Scheuren, F.J. (2008), Statistics for human rights. Heidelberg: Springer.

·         Bijleveld, C. (2008). Missing pieces. Some thoughts on the methodology of the empirical study of international crimes and other gross human rights violations, in: A. Smeulers & R. haveman (Eds.). Supranational Criminology – towards a criminology of international crimes, Antwerp: Intersentia.

·         Bijleveld, C. (2010). On research methods for international crimes – methodological issues in the empirical study of international crimes, in: A. Smeulers (Ed.), Collective violence and international criminal justice, Antwerp: Intersentia.

·         Coomans, F., F. Grünfeld & M. Kamminga (Eds.) (2009). Methods in human rights research, Antwerp: Intersentia.

·         Mazurana, D., K. Jacobsen, L. Andrews Gale (2013). Research methods in conflict settings – a view from below, Cambridge University Press.

·         Raign, C. C. (1994). Constructing Social Research - The Unity and Diversity of Method, California: Pine Forge Press.

·         Sriram, C.L., J.C. King, J.A. Mertus, O. Martin-Ortega, J. Herman (Eds.) (2009). Surviving field research – working in violent and difficult situations, London & New York: Routledge.

·         Weber, R.P. (1990). Basic content analysis – quantitative applications in the social sciences, Newbury Park: Sage Publications.

 

Sociology and Social psychology

·         Aronson, E. (2004). The Social Animal, New York: Worth Publishers.

·         Aronson, E. (Ed.) (2004). Readings about the social animal, New York: Worth Publishers.

·         Baron, R.S. & N.L. Kerr (2003). Group process, group decision, group action, Buckingham: Open University Press.

·         Coleman, J.S. (1994). Foundations of Social Theory, Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

·         Pettigrew, T.F. & L.R. Tropp (2011). When groups meet – the dynamics of intergroup contact, New York: Psychology Press.